The first written mention of the Xia dynasty does not occur until the Western Zhou dynasty, with references on bronzeware. This is a family tree for the Xia dynasty which ruled circa 2000–1750 BC. The Xia dynasty began a period of family or clan control. After Jie was overthrown by Lord T’ang, founder of the Shang Dynasty, the ruling families of the Xia Dynasty escaped from the Yellow River all the way to the south of the Yangtze River, to settle in the present day Jiangsu Province. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, For other dynasties with the same name, see, Yu the Great's attempt to stop the floods. The Xia Dynasty is said to have been the first true Chinese dynasty, described in the ancient Bamboo Annals called the Ji Tomb Annals, dated to the late third century BCE; and in the Records of the Historian Sima Qian (called the Shi Ji and written about 145 BCE). Adding mentor for Younan Xia Type a name and select match from the drop-down list. The Xia dynasty is the first dynasty in traditional Chinese historiography. The social class system of the Shang Dynasty begins with the ruling family. Explore historical records and family tree profiles about Xia Lo on MyHeritage, the world's family history network. Xia dynasty family tree. The tradition of tracing Chinese political history from heroic early emperors to the Xia to succeeding dynasties comes from the idea of the Mandate of Heaven, in which only one legitimate dynasty can exist at any given time, and was promoted by the Confucian school in the Eastern Zhou period, later becoming the basic position of imperial historiography and ideology. After defeating them, he exiled them south to the Han River area. The attempt of Gun to stop the flooding lasted for nine years, but it was a failure because the floods became stronger. The historicity of the dynasty has sometimes been questioned, but circumstantial archaeological evidence supports its existence. This dynasty is believed to have been founded by Yu the Great towards the end of the 3 rd millennium BC, and lasted until around the middle of the next. became a surname. Xia Dynasty 1. The Xia family name was found in the USA in 1920. From Wikipedia: Zeng (Chinese: 曾; pinyin: Zēng; Wade–Giles: Tseng) is a Chinese family … Chinese : from a modification of the character Zhong (). The Xia dynasty (Chinese: 夏朝; pinyin: Xià Cháo; Wade–Giles: Hsia-Ch'ao; IPA: [ɕiâ tʂʰɑ̌ʊ̯]; c. 2070 – c. 1600 BC) is the first dynasty in traditional Chinese history. [5] The dynasty was considered mythical by historians until scientific excavations found early Bronze Age sites at Erlitou, Henan in 1959. Find out about Deng Wenming & Deng Xia Married, joint family tree & history, ancestors and ancestry. Three Kingdoms Family Tree Click to expand a branch. Other sources name Yu the founder of the Xia dynasty, as the last of the Five. Economically, Xia dynasty is the era of the ex-use of gold (copper) and stones. Xia dynasty 1. According to ancient Chinese texts, before the Xia dynasty was established, battles were frequent between the Xia tribe and Chi You's tribe. Deady, Kathleen W. and Dubois, Muriel L.. Allan, Sarah, "Erlitou and the Formation of Chinese Civilization: Toward a New Paradigm". His son changed this type of merit-based succession, however, establishing the Xia dynasty (2205–1766 bc), the first dynasty in which the throne was passed on by heredity. As Yu neared death he passed the throne to his son, Qi, instead of passing it to the most capable candidate, thus setting the precedent for dynastic rule or the Hereditary System. Among its best-known members were Charlie, the founder of the family, and his children T.V. Watch Queue Queue Pretenders are italicized; this is a family tree for the Xia dynasty which ruled circa 2000–1750 BC. After the defeat of Xia by Shang, some members of the royal family of Xia Dynasty survived as … Unlike Sima's list of Shang dynasty kings, which is closely matched by inscriptions on oracle bones from late in that period, records of Xia rulers have not yet been found in archeological excavations of contemporary sites, or records on later Shang dynasty oracle bones. According to tradition, the dynasty was established by the legendary Yu the Great[1] after Shun, the last of the Five Emperors, gave his throne to him. Gun was ordered to be imprisoned for life to reform the Eastern Barbarians by Shun at Yushan (Chinese: 羽山), a mountain located between modern Donghai County in Jiangsu Province and Linshu County in Shandong Province. Whilst this dynasty is attested in the ancient Chinese texts, there is a lack of archaeological evidence to support the existence of this dynasty. The first Dynasty, the Xia (Hsia) Dynasty began in about 2070 or 2205 BCE. Narratives of Xia dynasty people and events do not appear until sources dating from later in the Zhou dynasty. The Great Xia Dynasty obtained three historical talents, and the other Lords obtained some too. The development of this mythical Xia, Allan argues, is a necessary act on the part of the Zhou dynasty, who justify their conquest of the Shang by noting that the Shang had supplanted the Xia. The surname Zeng is the 32nd most common surname in Mainland China. (Taipei: Zhishu-fang Chuban Jituan ), 42. Whilst this dynasty is attested in the ancient Chinese texts, there is a lack of archaeological evidence to support the existence of this dynasty. Oracle bones dating from the Shang dynasty, which otherwise record ancestral rulers from the supposed time of the Xia, and conflicts of the Shang with even relatively small tribes, do not mention the existence of the Xia, or the conflict between the Shang and the Xia recorded in later sources. The Xia Dynasty also shared a complex history with the neighboring Jin Dynasty, even serving as a vassal state to the Jin for a period before the arrival of Mongol forces. Right here at FameChain. See more ideas about ancient china, 6th grade social studies, ancient. This page was last modified on 4 January 2016, at 17:00. After the Tibetans destroyed the Tuyuhun in 670, its famous … The Xia dynasty began a period of family or clan control. The royal descendants kept Xia as their family name, and so Xia or Hsia (or Hoi!) 7.2 Sources Allan, Sarah (1991), The Shape of the Turtle: Myth, Art, and Cosmos in Early China, State University of New York Press, ISBN 978-0-7914-0459-1. Liu, L. & Xiu, H., "Rethinking Erlitou: legend, history and Chinese archaeology". After nine years, Yao had already given his throne to Shun. Yu's succession marks the start of the Xia dynasty. The Xia Dynasty was established by Yu the Great after being given the throne by Shun, the last of the Five Emperors which included Yellow Emperor, Zhuanxu, Emperor Ku, Emperor Yao, and Emperor Shun. A king's younger brothers and nephews were also important to a dynasty's rule. Thus, concrete existence for the Xia is yet to be proven, despite efforts by Chinese archaeologists to link the Xia with Bronze Age Erlitou archaeological sites. Xia Family Trees, Crests, Genealogies, Biographies, DNA, and More (Advertisement) Home > USA > Surnames > X Families > Xia Families > Xia Family: Surname Genealogy, Family History, Family Tree, Family Crest. [7] In 1959, a site located in the city of Yanshi was excavated containing large palaces that some archaeologists have attributed to capital of the Xia dynasty. Descendants of one such official are known to have adopted the character as their surname. Chinese : from the name of an ancient state of Xiang. This dynasty is believed to have been founded by Yu the Great towards the end of the 3rd millennium BC, and lasted until around the middle of the next. Among its best-known members were Charlie, the founder of the family, and his children T.V. Legend of a Rabbit (198 words) no match in snippet view article find links to article Legend of a Rabbit (Chinese: 兔侠传奇), released in the United States as Legend of Kung Fu Rabbit, is a 2011 Chinese computer-animated film … The following is a family tree of the military governor (Jiedushi) of Dingnan Circuit, the region that eventually evolved into the independent state of Western Xia, that existed between 1038 and 1227, followed by the family tree of the Western Xia emperors.. The Xia Genealogy and Family Tree Page Welcome to the Xia Family page at Surname Finder , a service of Genealogy Today . The historicity of the dynasty has sometimes been questioned, but circumstantial archaeological evidence supports its … The Xia was later succeeded by the Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC). It is the 16th most common surname in Taiwan. The Xia Dynasty began a period of family or clan control. Although the Xia is an important element in early Chinese history, reliable information on the history of China before 13th century BC can only come from archaeological evidence since China's first established written system on a durable medium, the oracle bone script, did not exist until then;[2] however, no mention of the Xia, or the supposed conquest of the Xia by the Shang, is found in any oracle bones found to date. Louisiana had the highest population of Xia families in 1920. Many historians today debate whether or not the Xia Dynasty really existed or is just a Chinese legend. Family name origins & meanings. He was widely believed as the writer of the Classic of Mountains and Seas.. 3 Kings of the Xia Empire were descendants of the King Huang Di. Yu the Great (Chinese: 大禹; pinyin: Dà Yǔ, c. 2200 – 2100 BC) was a legendary ruler in ancient China famed for his introduction of flood control, inaugurating dynastic rule in China by founding the Xia Dynasty, and for his upright moral character.. Trusted by millions of genealogists since 2003. There is a long-standing debate as to whether the Xia Dynasty was myth or reality; until the mid-20th century, … This is a family tree for the Xia dynasty which ruled circa 2100–1600 BC. 1 Xia Dynasty is the first Hereditary Kingdom in the history of China. The Xia dynasty is the legendary, possibly apocryphal first dynasty in traditional Chinese history. The Xia Dynasty (2070–1600 BC) was the first recorded dynasty in China, however the records and its existence are disputed. He was one of the few leaders in China honored with the title the Great putting him in line with Han Wu the Great and Kangxi the Great. Authored by J.C. Cawley. It is described in ancient historical chronicles such as the Bamboo Annals, the Classic of History and the Records of the Grand Historian. By critically examining the development of the narrative of early Chinese history throughout history, Gu concluded "the later the time, the longer the legendary period of earlier history... early Chinese history is a tale told and retold for generations, during which new elements were added to the front end". ESTABLISHMENT OF XIA DYNASTY King Xia Yu Di 4. This family tree only lists prominent members Mamai - Khan Mamasou of the Khan family and does not reach the present. He was overthrown by Tang, the first king of the Shang dynasty. Xia dynasty This is a family tree for the Xia dynastywhich ruled circa 2000–1750 BC. This is one of the oldest Chinese surnames, going back well over 4000 years to an adviser of the founding emperor of the Xia dynasty, Yu (2205–2198 bc). You can see how Xia families moved over time by selecting different census years. Another source is Guan Longfeng, a senior official during the Xia dynasty (2205–1766 bc). Tang is said to have given the small state of Qi as a fief to the remnants of the Xia ruling family. Yu the Great was a famous leader of China known for his flood control technique and establishing the Xia Dynasty. It was regarded as a mythical construct of later Chinese historians until excavations in the late 20th century CE uncovered sites which corresponded to descriptions in … Chemistry Tree: academic genealogy for Younan Xia, Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology. [1] In the traditional historiography, the Xia was later succeeded by t [6] Among other points, Gu and other historians note certain parallels between the traditional narrative of Xia history and Shang history that suggest Zhou-era fabrication or at least embellishment of Xia history. Jie, the last ruler, was said to be a corrupt king. The Xia Dynasty (21st - 17th century BC) was the first dynasty in Chinese history, which lasted nearly 500 years including the reigns of 17 emperors. 3 Xia Dynasty. The king would allow them to cont… It is described in ancient historical chronicles such as the Bamboo Annals, the Classic of History and the Records of the Grand Historian.According to tradition, the Xia dynasty was established by the legendary Yu the Great after Shun, the last of the Five Emperors gave his throne to him. It is described in ancient historical chronicles such as the Bamboo Annals, the Classic of History and the Records of the Grand Historian.According to tradition, the Xia dynasty was established by the legendary Yu the Great after Shun, the last of the Five Emperors gave his throne to him. Watch Queue Queue The Xia dynasty is the legendary, possibly apocryphal first dynasty in traditional Chinese history. The Xia tribe's power increased and Yu became the leader of the surrounding tribes. Xia dynasty. Legend says that in the 13 years it took him to successfully complete the work to stop the floods, he never went back to his home village to stop and rest, even though he passed by his house three times. According to the traditional chronology based upon calculations by Liu Xin, the Xia ruled between 2205 and 1766 BC; according to the chronology based upon the Bamboo Annals, it ruled between 1989 and 1558 BC. And it was a slave-owner's state. This list contains Chinese words with their English translations. This victory strengthened the Xia tribe's power even more. In the traditional historiography, the Xia was later succeeded by the Shang dynasty. Gun was appointed by Yao to stop the flooding. The Xia Dynasty was the first traditional dynasty in China, existing from 2070 BC to 1600 BC. "The Annals of the Bamboo Books: The Dynasty of Hea", Stunning Capital of Xia Dynasty Unearthed, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Xia_dynasty&oldid=29203, Pages using infobox former country with unknown parameters, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, States and territories established in the 3rd millennium BC, Former country articles requiring maintenance, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. He was overthrown by Tang, the first king of the Shang dynasty. [28] Radiocarbon dating places the site at c. 2100 to 1800 BC, providing physical evidence of the existence of a state contemporaneous with and possibly equivalent to the Xia dynasty as described in Chinese historical works. Soon afterwards Shun sent Yu to lead an army to suppress the Sanmiao tribe, which continuously abused the border tribes. The Xia tribe slowly developed around the time of Zhuanxu, one of the Five Emperors. Expand All Collapse All. Mair, Victor H. (2013), with contributions by E. Bruce Brooks. Xia dynasty • The Xia dynasty is known to be the very first chinese dynasty. As the first slave dynasty in Chinese history, the Xia Dynasty began with the reign of Qi, the son of the Great Yu, and ended with the fall of Jie. Chinese : from the name of Xiang, the fifth king of the Xia dynasty (2205–1766 bc). Family: For both the rich and the poor, ... Glazed pottery was brightly painted with lively hunting scenes, mountains, trees, clouds, dragons, tigers, and bears. Huaxia Quming Yishu. [3], The Xia dynasty was described in classic texts such as the Classic of History (Shujing), the Bamboo Annals, and the Records of the Grand Historian (Shiji) by Sima Qian. [8], In 2011, Chinese archaeologists uncovered the remains of an imperial sized palace—dated to about 1700 BC—at Erlitou in Henan, further fueling the discussions about the existence of the dynasty.[9]. Xia dynasty • The Xia dynasty is known to be the very first chinese dynasty. Following the defeat of this state, its residents adopted its name as their surname. In 1920 there was 1 Xia family living in Louisiana. This is a family tree for the Xia Dynasty which ruled circa 2100–1600 BC. The Generals of the Yang Family is a collection of Chinese folklore, plays and novels on a military family from the earlier years of imperial China's Song Dynasty (960–1279). Chinese : from the given name of Cheng Tang, Prince of Shang, a model of virtue and humanity, who overthrew the corrupt last king of the Xia Dynasty and became first emperor of the Shang Dynasty, in 1766 bc. Soong family, influential Chinese family that was heavily involved in the political fortunes of China during the 20th century. [citation needed], Yu was highly trusted by Shun, so Shun appointed him to finish his father's work, which was to stop the flooding. [citation needed], Yu's success in stopping the flooding increased agricultural production (since the floods were destructive). 1 wenchuan sichuan panorama 2013.jpg 13,867 × 4,293; 19.07 MB. Xia Dynasty. In 928, a White Mywa noble, Yang Ganzhen, aided Zhao Shanzheng in overthrowing the Zheng family, and establishing Datianxing (928–929). Soong family, influential Chinese family that was heavily involved in the political fortunes of China during the 20th century. Xia Yu was first awarded the land of Xia Bo by Di Shun . The Xia family name was found in the USA in 1920. Yu's method was different from his father's: he organized people from different tribes and ordered them to help him build canals in all the major rivers that were flooding and lead the water out to the sea. In Cantonese, it is Tsang; in Taiwan, Tseng or Tzeng; in Malaysia, Chan; in Indonesia, Tjan; in Vietnam, Tăng. Xia Yu was first awarded the land of Xia Bo by Di Shun . Family Tree of XiaHou.JPG 800 × 600; 52 KB. This video is unavailable. The Tuoba clan of the Xianbei of Tuyuhun founded the Western Xia. Title: Xia Dynasty 1 Xia Dynasty 2 Time Period. ancient-china. Through the 1960s and 1970s, archaeologists have uncovered urban sites, bronze implements, and tombs in the same locations cited in ancient Chinese historical texts regarding Xia;[8] at a minimum, the Xia dynasty marked an evolutionary stage between the late neolithic cultures and the typical Chinese urban civilization of the Shang dynasty. History >> Ancient China The Xia Dynasty was the first Chinese Dynasty. Facts about the Xia Dynasty . 97.1k 14 14 gold badges 219 219 silver badges 471 471 bronze badges. Xia dynasty, Wade-Giles romanization Hsia, (c. 2070–c. The Records of the Grand Historian and the Classic of Rites say that Yu the Great is the grandson of Zhuanxu, but there are also other records, like Ban Gu, that say Yu is the fifth generation of Zhuanxu. 2 Yu the Great defeated the Great Flood, established the Xia Dynasty, and divided his land into nine administrative divisions.. The Xia Dynasty is traditionally regarded as the first dynasty of China. No mention of the Xia dynasty survives from anything near contemporary sources. After being overthrown by another state, the prince fled and adopted a simplified form of the character Kuai as his surname. Chinese : from the name of a state of Xin that existed during the Xia dynasty. XIA DYNASTY By: Martin Joseph T. Panaligan 2. Media in category "Xia Dynasty" The following 20 files are in this category, out of 20 total. The Zhou Dynasty was the longest-lasting dynasty in Chinese history. The implied dualism between the Shang and Xia, Allan argues, is that while the Shang represent fire or the sun, birds and the east, the Xia represent the west and water. Xia Yu was a gifted man, chosen by the previous emperor on the basis of merit. In the Shang dynasty, the kings lived in grand palaces built high on a platform in the royal cities. Science also took huge leaps forward during the Han dynasty. According to tradition, the Xia dynasty was established by the legendary Yu the Great, after Shun, the last of the Five Emperors, gave the throne to him. The Xia dynasty of China (from c. 2070 to c. 1600 BC) is the first dynasty to be described in ancient historical records such as Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian and Bamboo Annals. • It lasted for at least 500 years • Yu the Great was the one to set up the dynasty under the Abdication System • They made the Calendar system and made bronze with … Ruling from 1046 BC to 256 BC, it is notable as the longest dynasty in Chinese history, although the actual political and military control of China by the dynasty only lasted during the Western Zhou. Trusted information source for millions of people worldwide. In 902, the dynasty came to a bloody end when the chief minister, Zheng Maisi, murdered the royal family and usurped the throne, renaming it to Dachanghe (902–928). CAO JIE [Yuanwei] a.k.a. This was 100% of all the recorded Xia's in the USA. The Xia Dynasty Overview There are ancient accounts about the history of a small kingdom along the Yellow River that existed from about 2,000 BC to 1,600 BC. Xia dynasty is the first dynasty in Chinese history. He was also a member of the Three Sage Kings and Five Virtuous Emperors. [citation needed], Gun, the father of Yu the Great, is the earliest recorded member of the Xia clan. Mar 26, 2016 - Explore Jackie Sippitt's board "Shang dynasty" on Pinterest. Chinese : variant of Tang 2. Because the first writing system did not emerge in China until the 13th … See also Erlitou culture List of Neolithic cultures of China Nine Provinces [13] Wang Quangen , (1993). With its capital located in Anyi (north of Xia County in mid-west Shanxi Province), the Xia was ruled by the descents of the Xiahou tribe. The historicity of the dynasty has sometimes been questioned, but circumstantial archaeological evidence … This list of Chinese monarchs includes rulers of China with various titles prior to the establishment of the Republic in 1912. During the Xia dynasty (2205–1766 bc) this state was granted to the youngest son of King Shaokang. There exists a debate as to whether or not the Erlitou culture was the site of the Xia dynasty. Jie, the last king, was said to be corrupt. Cao/Xiahou Family Tree 曹/夏侯. Wang Meng joined Handan City because of the relationship between Di Chen and Fu Jian; Xie Xuan was rejected by Ouyang Shuo and brought a bunch of Xie family members to join Zhan Lang and the Blood Red City. The Xia dynasty is the first dynasty in traditional Chinese historiography. When the Yellow River flooded, many tribes united together to control and stop the flooding. Click to collapse a branch. The Xia–Shang–Zhou Chronology Project concluded that the Xia existed between 2070 and 1600 BC. Chinese : variant of Tang 3. The family tree of Genghis Khan is listed below. This video is unavailable. King Yu of Xia.jpg 1,512 × 3,452; 1.06 MB. At the head of a dynasty's ruling class was a king. It marked the end of the Primitive Society and the beginning of the Class Society. This is a family tree for the Zhou dynasty, descendants of Duke Wu of Zhou who overthrew the last Shang ruler, thereby establishing the dynasty. Historians have found proof of the wheel first being used in China during this time showing urban culture did exist. Yun Kuen Lee, "Building the Chronology of Early Chinese History". Rules a country a sequence of rulers from the name of the family, and Khan. Zhong ( ) years, but they also created an environment where fascinating and long-standing cultural elements thrived, of. 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