(LogOut/ The number of tourists visiting the islands has crossed the number of people residing in them, with latest data showing 4.87 lakh tourists visiting the islands annually. The Nicobar Islands are on the edge of the distribution of megapodes, well separated from the nearest ranges of other megapode species. Endemic Flora: Screw pine, Nipa palm, Ceylon iron wood. A survey of five beaches in the Great Nicobar Island has recorded plastic that is found to be of non-Indian origin. The National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) recently added four species- the Northern River Terrapin, Clouded Leopard, Arabian Sea Humpback Whale, Red Panda- to a Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species on the recommendation of a Standing Committee. Among the 46 terrestrial mammalian species found, three species have been categorised as Critically Endangered Andaman shrew (. km. Birds: Edible-nest Swiftlets, Nicobar Megapode, , Vultures, and JerdonsCourser. The development paradigm that we are pushing for this place at the macro level are not taking in account three factors ecological fragility of the area (the endemism), geological volatility (earthquakes and tsunamis), and the impact they will have on local communities. The region also harbours a large number of endemic and/or endangered species of fauna: Crab-eating Macaque, Nicobar Tree Shrew, Dugong, Nicobar Megapode, Serpent Eagle, salt water crocodile, marine turtles and Reticulated Python. km. The presence of a large number of species in such a small area makes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands one of the richest ecosystems and biodiversity hot spots in India. Many of these bird species are placed in the IUCN Red List of threatened species under the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA). The Great Nicobar Island of Andaman has an area of about 1044 sq. In all, 555 species of scleractinian corals (hard or stony corals) are found in the island ecosystem, all which are placed under Schedule I of the WPA. It is located on the island of Great Nicobar in the Nicobar Islands, which lie Some of the endemic species in the island are Narcondam hornbill, Nicobar megapode, the Nicobar treeshrew,the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko. Of the ten species of marine fauna found on The island includes the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve (GNBR) comprising of the Galathea National Park and the Campbell Bay National Park. Great Nicobar: Anadaman & Nicobar Islands: Climate: Tropical. APEIROGON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. Context: Panna Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Madhya Pradesh (MP) has been included in the global network of biosphere reserves in the Man and Biosphere programme by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). Great Nicobar Island Researchers have found litter from Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand on the island, which hosts a biosphere reserve. Change), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), About: Emergency use authorisation (EUA) or EmergencyLicense, About: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act(MGNREGA), Factory of the world Editorial 28th Nov20TimesOfIndia. In a recent development, the Government of India relaxed the Restricted Area Permit (RAP) norms for some foreign nationalities notified under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963, to visit 29 of its inhabited islands, till December 31, 2022. Change), You are commenting using your Facebook account. A scientific Recovery Plan has to be prepared by the Chief Wildlife Warden in each state. The Government has established a Protected Area (PA) Network (730 PAs including 103 National Parks, 535 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 26 Community Reserves, and 66 Conservation Reserves in different biogeographic regions) towards conservation of threatened (including endangered and vulnerable) species, which primarily covers habitats of threatened megafauna, such as tiger, rhino, This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 5 times. The island is also home to giant robber crabs, crab eating macaques, the rare megapode as well as leatherback turtles. A/C No: xxxxxxxxxx2695 Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (IDWH) is an on-going Centrally Sponsored Scheme which has been made operational by adding more components and activities to the erstwhile Centrally Sponsored Scheme - "Assistance for the Development of National Parks and The Nicobar tribes are Mongoloid; the Andaman tribes, including the Sentinelese, are Negrito evidence for the Homo sapiens migration from East Africa some 70,000 years ago. Species already included in the recovery programme: Snow Leopard, Bustard (including Floricans), Dolphin, Hangul, Nilgiri Tahr, Marine Turtles, Dugongs, Edible Nest Swiftlet, Asian Wild Buffalo, Nicobar Megapode, Manipur Brow-antlered Deer, Vultures, Malabar Civet, Indian Rhinoceros, Asiatic Lion, Swamp Deer and Jerdons Courser. There are 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. The total area of the A&N Islands, which comprises of 572 islands, islets and rocky outcrops, is about 8,249 sq. Newly hatched chicks climb out of the loose soil of the mound and being fully feathered are capable of flight. Good Morning Friends, We are Posting Todays Prelims Marathon . The Nicobar megapode or Nicobar scrubfowl is a megapode found in some of the Nicobar Islands. (LogOut/ Endemic species: The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Total area of the park is 110 Km 2. Download GKToday Academy App for Easy to Read Mobile E-Books. Questions are based on the static part of the syllabus. Of the ten species of marine fauna found on the islands, the dugong/sea cow, and the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin, are both classified as Vulnerable under the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of Threatened Species. There are 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Among the 46 terrestrial mammalian species found, three species have been categorised as Critically Endangered Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis), Jenkins shrew (C. jenkinsi) and Nicobar shrew (C. nicobarica). The Great Nicobar Island of Andaman has an area of about 1044 sq. Flora: Tropical and Sub-tropical Moist Broad-leafed Forest. Five species are listed as Endangered, nine species as Vulnerable, and one species as Near Threatened, according to the IUCN. This has triggered further concerns of increased anthropogenic pressures over the islands ecosystem. Major endemic faunal species found only on the A&N Islands and nowhere else are Narcondam hornbill, Nicobar megapode (a bird that builds nests on the ground); Nicobar treeshrew (a small mole-like mammal), Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko. Asiatic Lion in Gir Forest, Lion-tailed Macaque in Western Ghats of India, Nilgiri Tahr, Malabar large spotted civet, Nilgiri Blue Robin, Jerdons Corser, Nilgai, Nicobar megapode are some of the species of animals endemic to India. According to the 2011 census, has a population of about 8,069. Some of the species in A&N Islands are restricted to a very small area and thus more vulnerable to any anthropogenic threat. Context: The pristine beaches of the Great Nicobar Island, Indias southernmost territory, are under threat from plastic.A survey of five beaches in the islands recorded the presence of plastic bottles. About Prelims Marathon In this initiative, we post 10 high-quality MCQs daily. Great Nicobar is the southernmost island of the Nicobar Islands Archipelago. To access the same, a google account is a must, Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Criteria: C2a(i);D1 Click here for more information about the Red List categories and criteria Justification of Red List category This species has been retained as Vulnerable despite undergoing a dramatic decline following the 2004 tsunami. A/C Name: APEIROGON TECHNOLOGIES PVT. Another unique feature of the islands ecosystem is its marine faunal diversity, which includes coral reefs and its associated fauna. Nicobar Megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground, Nicobar Treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal. These are snow leopard, bastard, dolphin, hangul, Nilgiri Tahr, marine turtles, dugongs, edible nest swiftlet, Asian wild buffalo, Nicobar Megapode, vultures, Malabar Civet, Indian rhino, Asiatic lions, Swamp deer, Jerdons Courser and Brown antlered deer. The ZSI document proves that the islands, comprising only 0.25% of Indias geographical area, are home to more than 10% of the countrys fauna species. In a recent development, the Government of India relaxed the Restricted Area Permit (RAP) norms for some foreign nationalities notified under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963, to visit 29 of its inhabited islands, till December 31, 2022. Similarly, all species of gorgonian (sea fans) and calcerous sponge are listed under different schedules of the WPA. Among birds, endemism is quite high, with 36 among 344 species of birds found only on the islands. A collection of carefully crafted pieces that are designed to offer comfort. Like other megapodesrelatives, it builds a large mound nest with soil and vegetation, with the eggs hatched by the heat produced by decomposition. Similarly, all species of gorgonian (sea fans) and calcerous sponge are listed under different schedules of the WPA. Being restri We at The Sentinelese are a pre-Neolithic people who have inhabited North Sentinel Island for an estimated 55,000 years without contact with the outside world. Context: The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Of the ten species of marine fauna found on the islands, the dugong/sea cow, and the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin, are both classified as Vulnerable under the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of Threatened Species. Change), You are commenting using your Google account. The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Among birds, endemism is quite Development paradigm that we are pushing for this place at the macro level, such as tourism, construction and development of military, are not taking in account three factors: Ecological fragility of the area (the endemism), Geological volatility (earthquakes and tsunamis), and, Impact they will have on local communities. Mammals: Snow Leopard, Bustards (including Floricans), Hangul, Nilgiri Tahr, , Asian Wild Buffalo, Manipur Brow-antlered, Malabar civet, the great one-horned rhinoceros, Asiatic Lion, Swamp deer. But faced with charges that it was obstructionist, the NBWL gave in-principle approval for one-time firing of missiles on the island, in the 25th meeting of the NBWL. Among birds, endemism is quite high, with 36 among 344 species of birds found only on the islands. Galathea National Park is geographically situated in the Great Nicobar Island, the largest in Nicobar Islands, which is southern most of Andaman archipelago. (LogOut/ Endemic Fauna: Crab-eating macaque, Nicobar megapode, Giant robber crab, Nicobar serpent eagle; Tribals: Shompen and Nicobarese; Gulf of Mannar: Tamil Nadu (Indian part of Gulf of Mannar) River: Rishi Ganga ; Flora: Forest Type: Tropical Dry Broad-leafed forest, seaweed communities, seagrass communities, coral reefs, salt marshes, and mangrove forests. Five species are listed as Endangered, nine species as Vulnerable, and one species as Near Threatened, according to the IUCN. They are Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Philippines, Vietnam, India, Myanmar, China and Japan. LTD Dec 04, 2020 - Schedule Animals Of WPA 1972 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. km. The population of the islands, which includes six particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Nicobarese and Shompens is not more than 4 lakh. There are 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. Another unique feature of the islands ecosystem is its marine faunal diversity, which includes coral reefs and its associated fauna. According to the 2011 census, has a population of about 8,069. Fauna: Endemic Fauna: Crab-eating macaque, Nicobar megapode, Giant robber crab, Nicobar serpent eagle: Yes: 5: Gulf of Mannar: Tamil Nadu (Indian part of Gulf of Mannar) The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar tree shrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. The Centrally Sponsored Scheme Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats has been modified by including a new component namely Recovery of Endangered Species and 16 species have been identified for recovery viz. Endemic species: The Narcondam hornbill, its habitat restricted to a lone island; the Nicobar megapode, a bird that builds nests on the ground; the Nicobar treeshrew, a small mole-like mammal; the Long-tailed Nicobar macaque, and the Andaman day gecko, are among the 1,067 endemic faunal species found only on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and nowhere else. The presence of a large number of species in such a small area makes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands one of the richest ecosystems and biodiversity hot spots in India. Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve . Change), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The island harbours a wide spectrum of ecosystems from tropical wet evergreen forests, mountain ranges and coastal plains. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important: Mains level: Bio-geographic zones of India. Tourism, illegal construction and mining are posing a threat to the islands biodiversity, which is already vulnerable to volatile climatic factors. km. Details: About 10 countries including India contribute to the plastic litter in the island. Endemic Species of A&N. Daily Quiz: UPSC Prelims Marathon (Geography and Environment) August 16, 2020. (LogOut/ Crisp news summaries and articles on current events about Clouded Leopard for IBPS, Banking, UPSC, Civil services. Many of these bird species are placed in the IUCN Red List of threatened species under the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA). In all, 555 species of scleractinian corals (hard or stony corals) are found in the island ecosystem, all which are placed under Schedule I of the WPA. [op-ed snap] Ahead on malaria: on reduction in cases in India, A recent publication by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) titled. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 6 times. Choose from our wide range of premium and contemporary clothing that suit many, many lifestyles. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Secondly, the Tillanchong island is sacred for the Nicobarese people. Firstly, the Tillanchong IBA holds the most stable population of the Nicobar Megapode, found nowhere else in the world except the Nicobars. The publication cautions that tourism, illegal construction and mining are posing a threat to the islands biodiversity, which is already vulnerable to volatile climatic factors. Major portion of the litter (40.5%) was of Malaysian origin. From UPSC perspective, the following things are important: Marine Turtles, Dugongs, Edible Nest Swiftlet, Asian Wild Buffalo, Nicobar Megapode, Manipur Brow-antlered Deer, Vultures, Malabar Civet, Indian Rhinoceros, Asiatic Lion, Swamp Deer and Jerdons Courser; National Board for Wildlife. Written by: ForumIAS Posted on August 16th, 2020 Last modified on August 16th, 2020 Comments. The total area of the A&N Islands, which comprises of 572 islands, islets and rocky outcrops, is about 8,249 sq. A long period of isolation from the mainland made the islands hotspots for speciation (the formation of new and distinct species) resulting in hundreds of endemic species and subspecies, any stress can have a long-lasting impact on the islands biodiversity, devastating the population size of any endemic fauna, followed by extinction within a limited span of time. The population of the islands, which includes six particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTGs) Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Nicobarese and Shompens is not more than 4 lakh. Bank Details: The island is home to one of the most primitive tribes of India the Shompens. Like other megapode relatives, it builds a large mound nest with soil and vegetation, with the eggs hatched by the heat produced by decomposition. The Nicobar Megapodeor Nicobar Scrubfowl(Megapodius nicobariensis) is a megapodefound in some of the Nicobar Islands (India). Dec 04, 2020 - Shankar IAS: Summary of Schedule Animals Of WPA 1972 UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. The presence of a large number of species in such a small area makes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands one of the richest ecosystems and biodiversity hot spots in India. We ask students to login via google as we share a lot of our content over google drive. Home Current Affairs Today GK Questions Current Affairs Questions Banking Awareness E-Books Clouded Leopard Current Affairs - 2020. The island is home to one of the most primitive tribes of India the Shompens. LTD is the parent company of CIVILSDAILY IAS. Read Mobile E-Books by the Chief Wildlife Warden in each state Near Threatened, to. The Park is 110 Km 2, a small mole-like mammal a threat to IUCN. 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