As in past years, fewer than half of identified victims received assistance. While the government did not collect data on complicit officials, NGOs, journalists, and human rights activists reported alleged complicity in trafficking crimes by government officials, particularly with officials exploiting minors and acting as accomplices to traffickers. Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. Romanian victims abroad received free travel documents issued by Romanian embassies; however, the government did not pay for repatriation expenses, resulting in NGOs and an international organization having to absorb the costs. Public officials and NGOs identified 698 victims in 2019 (518 sex trafficking; 138 labor trafficking, including forced begging and forced theft; and 42 victims of attempted trafficking), an increase from 497 in 2018 and 662 in 2017. Therefore Romania remained on Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year. While the government relied on NGOs to accommodate and assist victims, it did not allocate grants directly to NGOs due to legislation precluding direct funding. Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. Academic reports and news articles illustrated the effect traffickers were having on individuals and communities around the world. She was given the Trafficking in Persons Report Hero Award in 2014, recognizing her incredible work with survivors. 25 June 2020 | USDOS – US Department of State Romania. The Trafficking in Persons Report, or the TIP Report, is an annual report issued by the U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.It ranks governments based on their perceived efforts to acknowledge and combat human trafficking. Thematic Study on child trafficking [Romania] 4 Executive Summary [1]. Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. According to Trafficking in Persons Report 2020, the Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Despite these shortcomings, the government issued 22,000 work permits for non-EU migrants, which put them particularly at risk for trafficking. © ACTMedia - Romanian Business News | Sitemap | Search | Terms and Conditions | Privacy Policy, PM Orban: there are some politicians "who ignore the danger, who trivialize the epidemic risk and instigate not to comply with the rules", CNA recommends radio and TV stations to stop Coronavirus-related fake news, Gov't approves bill setting September 27 as date for 2020 local elections, Orban: PNL leads in all surveys at a distance from the second place, which is PSD, Former PSD leader Liviu Dragnea, officially accused in the Tel Drum file, ForMin Aurescu : Democracy not always a triumphal march, but endurance marathon, First batch of 36 Piranha V armored personnel carriers to be delivered to Defence Ministry, Trafficking in Persons Report 2020: Romania remained on Tier 2 Watch List, Minister of finances: the present economic crisis is more serious than the Great Crash of 1929, Gov't deficit rises to 3.59pct of GDP five months into 2020, BNR's profit in 2019: 1.8 billion lei, increasing by 52 pct over 2018, SCHOOL POPULATION WAS OF 3,526.2 THOUSAND PERSONS IN THE 2019-2020 SCHOOL/ACADEMIC YEAR, Over 54pct of Romania's households connected to sewerage systems in 2019. Sixteen searches were carried out in the UK and four in Romania, yielding cash, luxury cars and cocaine. There will be no refuge for human traffickers, not in Romania, not in the United States, not in Europe, nowhere. Prosecutors indicted 347 alleged traffickers, compared with 399 in 2018 and 362 in 2017. • Allocate adequate financial resources for the implementation of the 2018-2022 national strategy and national action plan. • Increase the quality of psychological counseling and improve access to medical assistance for victims. We achieve this through rescue, aftercare, education and awareness. The 2017 US State Department Trafficking in Persons Report states that: “Romania is a destination country for a limited number of foreign trafficking victims, including sex trafficking victims from Italy and Armenia” (United States Department of State, 2017, p. 363). NGOs reported, while the legal sphere developed some sensitivity to trafficking victims’ situations, some police officers and judges continued to lack specialized training and sensitivity toward sex trafficking cases and trafficking issues, including a basic understanding of trafficking. A total of 29 potential victims, aged between 20 and 40 years, were recovered in London and brought to safety. Experts report a rise in Romanian … Romanian men, women, and children are trafficked within the country for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor including forced begging and petty theft. Moreover, a lack of sufficient government funding for assistance and protection services endured, leaving most victims without services, susceptible to re-traumatization, and at risk of re-trafficking. The normative acts on the basis of which the persons accused of trafficking in persons have been convicted are: the Criminal Code of Romania, art. Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. Also, the posts with anti-traffic messages and useful recommendations made on the Agency's Facebook page had an impact of over 1.5 million people," Despescu added. Authorities investigated, prosecuted, and convicted fewer traffickers. Experts report a rise in Romanian … Experts report a rise in Romanian women recruited for sham marriages in Western Europe; after entering these marriages, traffickers force the women into commercial sex or labor. Traffickers subject institutionalized children, particularly girls living in government-run homes and placement centers for disabled persons, to sex trafficking. Romanian Business News - ACTMedia :: Services|About us|Contact| RSS. The extent of trafficking from the Republic of Moldova into and through Romania is unclear, though some reports suggest that traffickers operating in Romania and Moldova exploit Moldovan women and girls from Romania in operations in Europe. IJM signed its first agreement to collaborate with the Romanian Government through the Ministry of Internal Affairs’ National Agency for Combatting Trafficking in Persons ().ANITP is responsible for national trafficking prevention efforts, coordinating support to survivors and coordinating a wide array of activities critical to anti-trafficking efforts in Romania. 678/2001, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment. With these socioeconomic conditions, Romania is one of the countries in the EU with the greatest number of persons falling victim to human trafficking. • Increase the number of police officers investigating trafficking crimes and financial investigators specializing in trafficking cases. Authorities in Romania and Spain have taken action against an Organised Criminal Group (OCG) suspected of human trafficking, pimping and money laundering. Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. Trafficking in Persons Report tier placements; Country Location persons during the reporting period through raising public awareness of human traf!cking and implementing its National Plan for Combating Human Trafficking for 2010-2015; however, the government did not reform Qatar’s sponsorship law, which contributes to forced labor in the country. ""One of the priorities of the United States is to advocate for the rule of law. The Romanian mafia is an intricate network, which spans across Europe, specialising in sex trafficking. From 1 February 2014, … In 2011, Romanian authorities investigated 897 human trafficking cases, in contrast to 717 cases investigated in 2010. During the reporting period, a court acquitted 25 alleged traffickers in the notorious “Tandarei” child trafficking case, in which the court tried the alleged traffickers under a law that provided lesser penalties and a shorter statute of limitations. These efforts included identifying significantly more trafficking victims, participating in twice as many international investigations, and conducting more awareness campaigns. • Romania has signed United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its two Protocols ... the beneficiary knows that is a victim of trafficking in persons or trafficking in minors, shall be punishable by prison from 6 months to 3 years or with a fine. "Unfortunately, it is obvious that the report is correct. ANITP managed a 24-hour hotline but only staffed an operator during regular business hours. Perennial problems of abuse and neglect of institutionalized children, coupled with the lack of proactive identification in government facilities, left children in placement centers vulnerable to trafficking. The 2018 UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons is the fourth of its kind mandated by the General Assembly through the 2010 United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons. Trafficking of people has not been recognised as a particular sort of worldwide crime until recently and therefore it still comes under the UN office on drugs and crime rather than a separate department of its own. Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. Annual report on trafficking in persons (covering April 2019 to March 2020) 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report: Romania (Periodical Report, English) DCCO continued to operate with limited staff due to provisions adopted by the previous government on the early retirement of police officers, which required 30 percent of the workforce to retire in 2018. • Amend regulations to exempt all trafficking victims who testify in trials from the online disclosure of their names to protect participating witnesses from retaliation and stigma and incentivize greater victim participation in prosecutions. • Amend legislation to allow authorities to sanction recruiting agencies for crimes contributing to trafficking. Nonetheless, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of government employees complicit in trafficking offenses. Human trafficking is a major problem in the EU and a priority for Europol and law enforcement agencies in EU Member States. If things have reached this intolerable point, it is because those who led at that time the Ministry of Interior, Carmen Dan, the Chamber of Deputies head, Liviu Dragnea, the Ministry of Justice - Florin Iordache, did not take measures in due time, pretended not to see this phenomenon, destroyed the legislation that strengthened justice, paralyzed the investigative capacity of the prosecutor's offices, discouraged the action of the policemen. "Moreover, since the beginning of the year and until now, the National Agency Against Trafficking in Persons has carried out 13 prevention campaigns. In 2019, 255 victims participating in criminal proceedings accessed services available to victims assisting law enforcement; these services included concealing victims’ identities, protection at victims’ residence, and transporting victims during travel. ""We are at a time when things have to be named and acted upon. JusMin Predoiu: Human trafficking and organised crime have reached intolerable levels. Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. The case resulted from a 2009-2010 joint investigation with the United Kingdom (UK) into a Romanian trafficking network, which Europol considered one of the biggest in Europe; the traffickers recruited hundreds of children from poor Roma communities in the southern part of the country and exploited them in the UK in forced begging or forced theft. Authorities placed child victims in general child facilities or in facilities for children with disabilities run by child protection services. Since then, I have met regularly with the minister of justice, the minister of the interior and others. Moreover, a lack of sufficient government funding for assistance and protection services endured, leaving most victims without services, susceptible to re-traumatization, and at risk of re-trafficking. Illegal Arms 2. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. • Significantly increase anti-trafficking training for law enforcement officials on working with victims, evidence collection, and understanding psychological coercion. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009 Check out the more recent 2020 country report here and possibly a later, full TIP Report here : CAUTION: The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Romania. … One of the main techniques employed by traffickers is known as the “lover boy method”. As the understanding of human trafficking expanded, the U.S. government, in collaboration with NGOs, identified the need for specific legislation to address how traffickers operate and to provide the legal tools necessary to combat trafficking in persons in all its forms. The Romanian authorities opened 532 new trafficking cases in 2019, a decrease from 695 in 2018 and 675 in 2017. Romania prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons through Law No. The QFCHT continued to conduct anti-traf!cking awareness campaigns, and it published traf!cking … The process presented logistical and financial hurdles for many trafficking victims; NGOs also covered those costs. NGOs also covered victims’ emergency medical care costs because the government lacked financial assistance, and medical care required payment upfront. Romanian authorities also participated in a pan-European case led by Europol involving child trafficking, which resulted in 34 arrests. 3 Romania Introduction Romania is mainly a country of origin for victims of trafficking in persons. Our mission is to rescue and protect children from child trafficking and exploitation across the globe. By the time they reach her age, most teenage girls there — as young as 13 — have long quit school, with many disappearing into the realm of sex trafficking. The government decreased law enforcement efforts. During these campaigns, more than 1,000 preventive IT activities were carried out, totaling approximately 65,000 beneficiaries. • Significantly increase resources for, and the quality of, specialized victim services for children, including by training local child protection officers who work with victims and ensuring they have the necessary resources, such as funding. In one of the largest child trafficking rings uncovered in Europe, more than 100 people were convicted in the UK over an operation in which dozens of minors were forced to beg and steal. Additionally, the government published the names of all trial witnesses, including minors, on the internet, putting victim-witnesses at risk of retaliation. You won't be able to hide, it's over," said the US ambassador.Zuckerman called on the leadership of the Romanian Parliament to adopt, together with the government, the legislation necessary to combat this scourge. In 2009, the Romanian government minimized the role of the country's principal anti-trafficking arm -- the National Agency Against Trafficking in Persons -- … Victims received protection and assistance services in government-run facilities and in NGO-run trafficking shelters. According to the Government Decision no. Likewise, NGOs noted that limited dedicated financial investigators—eight covering the entire country—restricted financial investigations and asset seizures, inhibiting evidence collection in trafficking cases to corroborate witness testimony. As a result, overextended officers handled multiple cases simultaneously and struggled to build strong cases for prosecutors. of trafficking networks.4 Currently, Romania’s anti-trafficking legislation does not fully comply with international standards. They also noted authorities did not identify victims in key places such as placement centers, and identification typically occurred after a criminal investigation started. The law entitled victims to reparation from their traffickers; however, victims generally could not afford the fees necessary to initiate civil trials or, in cases in which judges ordered restitution, to pay court officers to collect the money owed from traffickers. 263 - Trafficking in Migrants and Law 678/2001 on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (Article 12 - Trafficking in Human Beings and Article 13 - Trafficking in Minors). The Trafficking in Persons Report, or the TIP Report, is an annual report issued by the U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.It ranks governments based on their perceived efforts to acknowledge and combat human trafficking.. ROMANIA: Tier 2. Despite children representing 47 percent of identified victims, these shelters did not offer specialized services and frequently re-traumatized children. Observers also reported authorities fined persons in commercial sex, even if they were minors, without looking for trafficking indicators. human trafficking on the rise in romania. The National Authority for the Protection of Children’s Rights and Adoption (ANPDCA) reported that child protection services in most counties did not have the expertise and resources to offer services tailored to the special needs of trafficking victims. "Today, I am proud to announce that, in collaboration with the Romanian Police, law enforcement and prosecutors, we are committed to a new zero-tolerance programme for human trafficking. In 2019, the hotline received seven calls, compared with 13 in 2018, regarding potential trafficking cases, four of which DCCO investigated. Last month 24 people were arrested in the UK and Romania in a Police Scotland-led operation. Therefore Romania remained on Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year. Courts convicted 120 traffickers in 2019, continuing a multi-year decline from 130 in 2018 and 222 in 2017. The National Institute for Magistrates conducted a workshop on international judicial cooperation and techniques for investigating trafficking, identification, referral, and assistance; 14 prosecutors and judges participated. In 2018, the Romanian government reported that only 48% of confirmed trafficking victims in Romania received assistance. Romanian women and children are victims of sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. Human trafficking became a topic of public concern in the 1990s due, in part, to the fall of the former Soviet Union, the resulting migration flows, and the increasing concern about the growth of transnational criminal organizations operating globally. Romania is a destination country for a limited number of foreign trafficking victims, including migrants from Africa, Europe, and South and Southeast Asia, exploited in the construction, hotel, and food-processing industries. Romanians represent a significant source of trafficking victims in Europe.” Some of the highlights of the Romania Country Narrative are: • Expand efforts to train officials involved in judicial proceedings, particularly judges, on working with trafficking cases and victims, sensitivity to trafficking issues, and understanding all forms of trafficking. Unfortunately, Romania remains on tier two watch list for the second consecutive year, which means the Romanian government failed to properly intensify its efforts to combat human trafficking. Authorities referred identified adult victims to ANITP and minor victims to child protection services. The Organized Crime and Terrorism Investigation Directorate (DIICOT) and the Department for Combating Organized Crime (DCCO) were responsible for investigating and prosecuting trafficking cases. * Vigorously investigate and prosecute trafficking cases under the trafficking statute and punish convicted traffickers, including complicit officials, with significant prison sentences. Authorities investigated, prosecuted, and convicted fewer traffickers. Trafficking in Persons Report -Report Home Page Released by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons June 12, 2007 Country Narratives -- Countries Q through Z. QATAR (Tier 3) Qatar is a destination for men and women trafficked for the purposes of involuntary servitude and, to a lesser extent, commercial sexual exploitation. If you are a human trafficker, we will find you, arrest you and put you on trial. Romani children, as young as 11 years old, are particularly vulnerable to forced begging and sex trafficking. Based on information gathered during the identification process, authorities informed victims of the services available to them, after which victims decided the services they preferred and consented to the referral process. • Amend legislation to allow for financial support to NGOs for victim services and develop and institute a formal mechanism for administering the funds. • Amend legislation to allow for financial support to NGOs for victim services and develop and institute a formal mechanism for administering the funds. 211 - Trafficking in Minors, Art. The government continued to use donor funding to train police and prosecutors to organize a series of anti-trafficking training programs during the reporting period. Articles 210 and 211 of the penal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of three to 10 years’ imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. These statistics included victims from ongoing investigations and prosecutions initiated in previous years. In 2014, Romania was listed as a Tier 2 country. Organised crime gangs have shamelessly trafficked people, knowing that they will escape unpunished, as happened many times in the past. Romania prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons through Law No. The Romanian government has shown some commitment to combat trafficking but has been criticized for failing to fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. "However, members of the government know that they face a legacy of politics, corruption and criminal networks that impede their every move. From the 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. Romania consistently ranks in the top three European countries for the highest number of identified victims of trafficking each year, and this program will support the government’s National Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Persons. Of these victims, 327 were minors. Romania is a country of origin and country of transit for persons, primarily women and children, trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The action came after the US Government’s 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report warned of Romania’s lack of progress in fighting human trafficking and human exploitation. The government marginally increased prevention efforts. for Project Rescue Children, 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report: Romania. Many agents and sub-organizations, both in the public and private sphere are involved. “DIICOT Brasov prosecutors detained three persons in a high-risk drug trafficking case. Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in … These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Drugs 3. Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. Services for child trafficking victims remained inadequate. Furthermore, NGOs expressed concern about ANITP’s capabilities, noting its limited capacity, decrepit infrastructure, and lack of authority, funds, and support from the government. • Revise the restitution mechanism to include minimizing court fees and increasing efforts to ensure victims receive reparation. An estimated 313,500 people, have been identified as being trafficked for begging, A Europol priority. The Salvation Army says it helped 2,592 victims of modern slavery in the UK last year – a 15 per cent rise on the previous 12 months. In 2019, authorities identified no foreign victims among refugees and asylum-seekers, but observers estimated there were dozens of cases. Authorities did not adequately screen for trafficking indicators or identify victims among vulnerable populations, such as asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, or children in government-run institutions. Trafficking in Persons Report 2020 View the Report Message From the Secretary of State As this 20th anniversary report is released, we and our allies and partners find ourselves confronting a crisis that has reached previously unimagined proportions. It involves the exploitation of vulnerable persons traded by criminals as commodities for the sole purpose of economic gain. And according to the “Trafficking in Persons” report, one-third of Romania’s trafficking victims are underage girls. 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