Dockyard at Lothal after the rains 3. First discovered in 1954, Lothal was subsequently excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Question 5. After a ship would have unloaded its cargo, the gates would have opened and allowed it to return to the Arabian sea waters in the Gulf of Combay. The ancient world consisted of four great civilizations: China, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley Civilization. Situated at a distance of 80 km from Ahmedabad, Lothal is one of the most important archaeological sites in India. Yet, today, it is a nondescript place.A visit to its bead factory, the storehouse and the famous dockyard is a walk-through ruins engulfed in an eerie silence. Lothal : City of Trade. Walking across the site we came across many water channels that ran through it. The Museum has three galleries. 0. Ancient port at lothal city.jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 539 KB. Post author: vidula1411; Post published: December 24, 2015; Post category: Uncategorized; Post comments: 0 Comments; After a tour to the Indus Valley sites in Pakistan, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, let us come back to our land and look at some of the sites in Gujarat, India. Archaeological Museum, Lothal (District Ahmedabad, Gujarat) The museum was setup in 1976 in order to display the artifacts recovered from the excavation conducted from 1952 to 1961. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The city was a thriving trade centre in ancient times and dealt in various types of beads, gems and ornaments. Indus Valley Civilization Lothal - Dockyard & Warehouse Prof.AbhijeetB. Archaeological excavations have discovered the oldest man-made dockyard, over 5,000 years old, in Lothal. This would have filled the basin and facilitated the sailing of boats upstream. To showcase India’s rich and diverse maritime heritage, a world-class National Maritime Heritage Complex (NMHC) is being developed at Lothal, Gujarat. This supposes that the ‘dockyard’ of Lothal was in fact, an irrigation tank. In the dialect of the local people's language, Lothal … Share. It is 218 m long and 37 m wide and is bound on all sides by baked bricks. nk admin - March 9, 2020. Archaeological excavations have discovered the oldest man-made dockyard, over 5000 years old, in Lothal. Among these, Lothal has been a significant port city for the trade of beads, gems and ornaments. • this basin may have been an irrigation tank and canal • The dock was built on the eastern flank of the town • It was located away … Features of Harappan Civilization: Town planning. Figure 3a and b show the dockyard at the Lothal after rains and the ancient Lothal as envisaged by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Ancient site at Lothal 11.jpg 1,280 × 853; 185 KB. As the Indus script is yet to be deciphered, it is not known if this was really India’s first port … In the front gallery depicts an artist’s conjectural idea of Harappan town of Lothal. According to Nigam et al. D. By DARSHAN KUMAR. Lothal was a planet in the Outer Rim Territories. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Answer: A naval dockyard shows the maritime activities of the Indus people. A dockyard found at lothal testified to the fact that it played an important role in overseas trade as well. At Lothal, you see a variety of building materials – the town was built with sun-dried bricks, the water system mainly of kiln-fired bricks, and the wharf and warehouses of mud bricks. March 19, 2018 March 19, 2018 sagar Leave a Comment on Foraminifera Fossils Indicate Sea Level Change in Lothal . tract between Sind and Lothal (i.e., in Kutch) and the establishment of a relative chronology that claims absolute priority in the region for the founding of Lothal (Rao 1956 & 1957:82, 1965:30). Climate Change . Almost 4,400 years ago, in a coastal village of what is today Gujarat, entered a new group of people. It is a wonder that people during the times of Harappan Civilization knew so much about technology. Out of an estimated 4000 species living today, 40 are planktonic. People of Lothal traded in gems, beads and ornaments. In foreground the water conduit, at extreme right, gap in eastern embankment. What does it convey? This is Modi govt’s plan for India’s first National Maritime Museum in Gujarat’s Lothal. Can you guess what happened to the Harappans? It was an important trading centre. The recessed enclosure at Lothal. (Fig: Lothal Dockyard) 4. A visit to Lothal is a dream come true for enthusiasts of India’s ancient history. Rectangular basin has been found at Lothal that was said to be the dockyard. RATIONALE The major attraction of Lothal city is rooted in the archaeological excavations of the area and its large dockyard. Shinde,PravaraRuralCollege ofArchitecture,Loni • Lothal engineers accorded high priority to the creation of a dockyard and a warehouse to serve the purposes of naval trade. Situated in Bhal region of modern-day Gujarat, Lothal was excavated between 1955 and 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The lower levels probably go back much further, but high groundwater has prevented effective excavation into these earlier cities (Kenoyer, 1998). Dholavira and Lothal. It stands as a proof for their maritime trade. The alternate view of Lothal is perhaps even more interesting. And this was probably a part of the famous drainage system that the history textbook told us about. In this system of planning, streets cut each other at the right angle and there was a drainage system for the whole city. They are either benthic or planktonic depending upon whether they live on the sea bottom or float in the upper water column. World’s oldest dockyard. China, Mesopotamia, Egypt have been widely researched and are well known to us all. Saragwala, Gujarat 382230, India. Lothal Dockyard / Raveesh Vyas / CC-BY-SA 2.0: The Indus Civilisation has long been considered river-based, with two of its largest and best-known cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, located adjacent to large perennial Himalayan rivers – the Ravi and the Indus, respectively. The urban settlement of Lothal (ha 10 approximately) consists of an acropolis with warehouses, public and ritual buildings and a lower town with the residential and the craft areas. Archaeological evidence shows that the cities were planned in a grid format. Tourist Attractions at Lothal includes places like the following: Dockyard in Lothal is the oldest in the world, and is admired for its extended nature, scientific positioning and constructional skill. The organisms indicate sea level changes and have played a significant role in identifying the oldest dockyard at Lothal in Gujarat. Lothal is a one of the prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilization dating to 2400 BC. Lothal tour is a visit to explore an important city in the ancient Indus... Day trip from Ahmedabad to Lothal, 4500 year old Indus Valley Civilization | Ahmedabad (Amdavad), India Activities - Lonely Planet Archaeological excavations discovered the oldest man-made dockyard — over 5,000 years old — in Lothal, located near the village of Saragwala in the Dholka Taluka of Ahmedabad district. Ancient site at Lothal 1.jpg 853 × 1,280; 155 KB. Ancient Dockyard at Lothal, Spanning an area 37 meters from east to west and nearly 22 meters from north to south, Indus Valley Civilisation, 2500BC. But the fourth and equally important one, the far more sophisticated Indus Valley Civilization, seems to have been lost to the world. Other inlets prevented siltation of the tanks and erosion of the banks. Media in category "Lothal port and channel" The following 25 files are in this category, out of 25 total. The mechanisms of the dockyard are truly impressive for its time, with provisions for maintaining a regular level of water by means of a sluice gate and a spill channel. The ASI museum at Lothal offers an insight into the town planning of this urban port. This was a living town from 2500 - 1900 BC. Lothal is located between the Sabarmati river and its tributary Bhogavo, in the Saurasthra region. 100. The basin exhibits a remarkable knowledge of hydraulics and tides, which further supports the assumption that this was a dock and not an irrigation … The most architecturally sophisticated part of Lothal was its dockyard, which provided berthing facilities for the ships. By. A naval dockyard has been discovered in Lothal. Satellite images show that the river channel, now dry, would have brought in considerable volumes of water during high tide. Although many people said the Empire would bring doom, the ones preaching new jobs and prosperity were vindicated. The third site Lothal (dockyard of the Indus Valley Civilization) was discovered some 60 years ago, located about 7kms away from the Ahmedabad-Bhavnagar highway, India (Agarwal, 2009). Category:Lothal port and channel. A huge brick-lined water basin (m. 220x40x4) - variously interpreted as a water supply tank or a dockyard - has been discovered Eastward of the site immediately. Constructed from kiln-fired bricks, the dock comprised a basin 214 meters long, 36 meters wide, and 13 meters deep. A 13-meter wide channel on the northern side was included to facilitate entry of ships. To showcase India’s rich and diverse maritime heritage, a world-class National Maritime Heritage Complex (NMHC) is being developed at Lothal, Gujarat. Lothal made great advance in science. By 1800 BCE, the Harappan culture had started declining. It also has a water locking device to keep the water in. Lothal Dockyard|Wikimedia Commons. Geologists have extensively researched sea level variation and depth fluctuations along the Indian coasts, using foraminifera, a sea organism, found in abundance all over the oceans. World’s oldest Dockyard at Lothal. Lothal in Gujarat is a 4,500-year-old Harappan port town. An inlet channel 1.7 meters above the bottom level of the 4.26 meter deep tank allowed excess water to escape. Lothal as it is, means Mound of Dead. Archaeological excavations have discovered the oldest man-made dockyard, over 5000 years old, in Lothal. Dholavira and Lothal. The upper levels of Moen-Jo-Daro are dated about 2550 BC. This was a perfectly well planned town with all requirements of any modern town satisfied, like drainage, water supply, business area and lot more. (2016), the existence of the massive protective wall (thickness of up to 18 m) around the Dholavira city indicates that the ancient Indians were aware of oceanic calamities such as tsunami and storms. The word lothal in Gujarati literally means “the mound of the dead”. Among the Indus valley sites of India, Lothal in Gujarat is a prominent one. Why Lothal. Lothal is a one of the prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilization dating to 2400 BC. It is probably the world's oldest dockyard. 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