[55][56]:79 Kerala's spices attracted ancient Babylonians, Assyrians and Egyptians to the Malabar Coast in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE. [535][536][537] Also, Kozhikode hosts Gokulam Kerala FC in the I-League as well as the Sait Nagjee Football Tournament. :1, The Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics flourished between the 14th and 16th centuries. [128][129] A Communist-led government under E. M. S. Namboodiripad resulted from the first elections for the new Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1957. [233]) By 1999–2000, the rural and urban poverty rates dropped to 10.0% and 9.6% respectively.[234]. [119][120][121] The company forged tributary alliances with Kochi in 1791 and Travancore in 1795. [177] These are threatened by extensive habitat destruction, including soil erosion, landslides, salinisation, and resource extraction. In November 2015, the Ministry of Urban Development selected seven cities of Kerala for a comprehensive development program known as the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). He describes Kozhikode as "one of the great ports of the district of Malabar" where "merchants of all parts of the world are found". [277] During the southwest monsoon, a suspended mud bank develops along the shore, which in turn leads to calm ocean water, peaking the output of the fishing industry. In addition, Portuguese invasions in the 15th century caused two major religions, Buddhism and Jainism, to disappear from the land. [323][324][325], Kerala has been at the forefront of LGBT issues in India. [143] The Western Ghats rise on average to 1,500 metres (4,900 feet) above sea level,[144] while the highest peaks reach around 2,500 metres (8,200 feet). [106], The Portuguese were ousted by the Dutch East India Company, who during the conflicts between the Kozhikode and the Kochi, gained control of the trade. Until the arrival of the East India Company, the term Malabar was used as a general name for Kerala, along with the term Kerala. [159] Around 65% of the rainfall occurs from June to August corresponding to the Southwest monsoon, and the rest from September to December corresponding to Northeast monsoon. [133] However, gender inequality among low caste men and women is reportedly higher compared to that in other castes. [368][369] Over 95% of Keralite births are hospital delivered and the state also has the lowest Infant mortality rate in the country. [374] In April 2016, the Economic Times reported that 250,000 residents undergo treatment for cancer. Pack up your bags and rush to God’s own country for a memorable experience. According to the Economic Times[564] Kerala netted a record revenue of INR 36,528.01 crore from the tourism sector in 2018, clocking an increase of Rs 2,874.33 crore from the previous year. [221] Other key crops include coconut; 899,198 ha, tea, coffee; 23% of Indian production,[222]:13 or 57,000 tonnes,[222]:6–7 rubber, cashews, and spices—including pepper, cardamom, vanilla, cinnamon, and nutmeg. 21,321 were here. Parasurama threw his axe across the sea, and the water receded as far as it reached. Take a tour of the Munnar, Thekkady, or Wayanad spice plantations or gardens. A third major IT Hub is under construction centred around Kozhikode known as Cyberpark. Kozhikode became the most powerful kingdom in the Malayalam speaking region during the Middle Ages. Phoenicians established trade with Kerala during this period. [160] The "Arabian Sea Branch" of the Southwest monsoon first hits the Western Ghats,[161] making Kerala the first state in India to receive rain from the Southwest monsoon. New York: The Feminist Press, 1997. Numerous couples plan their wedding ceremony in Munnar. Kovalam Beach, one of the top sentimental seashores in Kerala, is eminent for its New Year festivities, escalated rubs, Ayurvedic medicines, sunbathing and water sports, for example, parasailing. He won the war against the Devas, driving them into exile. ", p.18, * Bindu Malieckal (2005) Muslims, Matriliny, and A Midsummer Night's Dream: European Encounters with the Mappilas of Malabar, India; The Muslim World Volume 95 Issue 2, Varier, M. R. Raghava. [33] From the time of Cosmas Indicopleustes (6th century CE) itself, the Arab sailors used to call Kerala as Male. Capital : Thiruvananthapuram Language : Malayalam Area : 38,863 sq. Approximately 42,000 cancer cases are reported in the region annually. It is the only metro rail system in Kerala. Enjoy a meal with your local family while hearing the story of their lives. It is one of the country's oldest state-run public bus transport services. 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The name Kerala has an uncertain etymology. Roman establishments in the port cities of the region, such as a temple of Augustus and barracks for garrisoned Roman soldiers, are marked in the Tabula Peutingeriana, the only surviving map of the Roman cursus publicus. [277] Around 1.050 million fishermen haul an annual catch of 668,000 tonnes as of a 1999–2000 estimate; 222 fishing villages are strung along the 590-kilometre (370-mile) coast. [431] The efforts by leaders such as Vaikunda Swami, Narayana Guru, Ayyankali, and Kuriakose Elias Chavara in aiding the socially discriminated castes in the state—with the help of community-based organisations like Nair Service Society, SNDP, Muslim Educational Society, Muslim Mahajana Sabha, Yoga Kshema Sabha (of Nambudiris) and congregations of Christian churches—led to the further development of mass education in Kerala. [385][386] Notable has been the occurrence of Cheraman Perumal Tajuddin, the Hindu King that moved to Arabia to meet the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and converted to Islam. [48] Rock engravings in the Edakkal Caves, in Wayanad date back to the Neolithic era around 6000 BCE. [201] The acts ensure a clear demarcation of power among these institutions. [549] Travel and Leisure also described Kerala as "One of the 100 great trips for the 21st century". Reasons why Kerala is a must visit destination in India! DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Wayanad, Kerala Dr. Ravindran in his own words: Hi I am Dr. Chettanbath Ravindran, from Kerala. Sep 30, 2015 - Dotted with palm and coconut trees, a cruise in the backwaters in a traditional houseboat will truly offer you amazing memories. [444][445] Kerala topped in the School Education Quality Index published by NITI Aayog in 2019. Substantial administrative, legal and financial powers are delegated to these bodies to ensure efficient decentralisation. [332][333], As of 2015[update], Kerala has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.770, which is in the "high" category, ranking it first in the country. Kerala is famous for spices, tea & coffee, aroma, and essential oils, etc. You can choose to take a walking tour to all these places. The rivers face problems such as sand mining and pollution. Ayurvedic massages and treatments are also immensely popular among those who see a rejuvenation of the mind and body. [475] Kerala natanam, Thirayattam,[476] Kaliyattam, Theyyam, Koothu and Padayani are other dance forms associated with the temple culture of the region. The weather was pleasant here while the rest of the country was freaking hot and that was the time when I got know why Munnar is also called ‘Kashmir of Southern India ‘. Television serials, reality shows and the Internet have become major sources of entertainment and information for the people of Kerala. E. J. Brill, Leiden. While the tag line “God’s Own Country” was actually a successful marketing campaign for tourism, travelers enticed to visit Kerala are never disappointed. [37][38] According to the 17th century Malayalam work Keralolpathi, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the axe-wielding warrior sage Parasurama, the sixth avatar of Vishnu (hence, Kerala is also called Parasurama Kshetram 'The Land of Parasurama'[39]). Gods Own Villa Resort. [566] Munnar is 4,500 feet above sea level and is known for tea plantations, and a variety of flora and fauna. The corporation is divided into three zones (North, Central and South), with the headquarters in Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala's capital city). Hotels and resorts in Kumarakom have excellent accommodation options. [322] The child marriage is lower in Kerala.The Malappuram district has the highest number of child marriage and the number of such cases are increasing in Malappuram. [493] Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar and Kerala Varma Valiakoi Thampuran are noted for their contribution to Malayalam prose. Brenda Maddox mentions in: Maddox, Brenda. [29][30] Keralam may stem from the Classical Tamil cherive-alam 'declivity of a hill or a mountain slope'[31] or chera alam 'land of the Cheras'. [390][391] According to some scholars, the Mappilas are the oldest settled Muslim community in South Asia. [81][82] The earliest Saint Thomas Christian Churches,[83] Cheraman Jumu'ah Masjid (traditionally dated to "629 CE" by the Mappilas)—regarded as "the first mosque of India"[84]—and Paradesi Synagogue (1568 CE)—the oldest active synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations[85]—were built in Kerala. [362] The sub-replacement fertility level and infant mortality rate are lower compared to those of other states, estimated from 12[168][347]:49 to 14[363]:5 deaths per 1,000 live births; as per the National Family Health Survey 2015–16, it has dropped to 6. A canal 205 kilometres (127 mi) long, National Waterway 3, runs between Kottapuram and Kollam, which is included in the East-Coast Canal. Some of the popular Malayalam television channels are Media One TV, Asianet, Asianet News, Asianet Plus, Asianet Movies, Surya TV, Kiran TV, Mazhavil Manorama, Manorama News, Kairali TV, Kairali WE, Kairali People, Flowers, Kappa TV, Amrita TV, Reporter TV, Jaihind, Jeevan TV, Mathrubhumi News, Kaumudy TV, Shalom TV, and Janam TV. [67][68] Abdur Razzak (1442–43), Niccolò de' Conti (1445), Afanasy Nikitin (1468–74), Ludovico di Varthema (1503–1508), and Duarte Barbosa witnessed the city as one of the major trading centres in the Indian subcontinent where traders from different parts of the world could be seen.[98][99]. KERALA • Formed on 1st November 1956 • Capital of Kerala is Thiruvananthapuram • Language spoken is Malayalam • Kerala consists of 14 districts • 44 rivers • A vast network of lakes • 1500 Km’s of labyrinthine canals • Population is 33,387,677 [168]:26, 46, 52 The mean daily temperature ranges from 19.8 °C to 36.7 °C. Description; Itinerary; Location; Reviews; Special Tour 10 days 9 Nights . [36], According to the Sangam classic Purananuru, the Chera king Senkuttuvan conquered the lands between Kanyakumari and the Himalayas. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala-Travancore State and the Kingdom of Cochin. [71] The value of Rome's annual trade with the region was estimated at around 50,000,000 sesterces;[72] contemporary Sangam literature describes Roman ships coming to Muziris in Kerala, laden with gold to exchange for pepper. Menachery G; 1973, 1998; Mundalan, A. M; 1984; Podipara, Placid J. In 2006, around 22% of the total Indian marine fishery yield was from Kerala. The Zamorin allied with Arab and Chinese merchants and used most of the wealth from Kozhikode to develop his military power. The region's prominence in trade was noted in the works of Pliny as well as the Periplus around 100 CE. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. You can also choose to take a Kochi private tour and that culminates in a performance of Kathakali dance. Since Kerala is a coastal state, seafood is widely available with plenty of tempting dishes. [339], According to the 2011 census, Kerala has the highest literacy rate (94%) among Indian states. The Kannur District surrounds Mahé on three sides with the Kozhikode District on the fourth. Major Malayalam periodicals include Mathrubhumi, India Today Malayalam, Madhyamam Weekly, Grihalakshmi, Vanitha, Dhanam, Chithrabhumi, and Bhashaposhini. [275] According to 2003–04 reports, about 1.1 million people earn their livelihood from fishing and allied activities such as drying, processing, packaging, exporting and transporting fisheries. Kerala located in South india in an extra ordinary land with almost all elements of nature. [16][17] Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%; the highest Human Development Index (HDI), 0.784 in 2018 (0.712 in 2015); the highest literacy rate, 96.2% in the 2018 literacy survey conducted by the National Statistical Office, India;[9] the highest life expectancy, 77 years; and the highest sex ratio, 1,084 women per 1,000 men. UMESH AKOLKAR Mumbai, India. The lush palm-fringed scenery, varied wildlife, and backwater-line houses and villages make a houseboat cruise feel like a journey into another country. In the Kottayam district, the literacy rate was 97%. Kerala hosts two major political alliances: the United Democratic Front (UDF), led by the Indian National Congress; and the Left Democratic Front (LDF), led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)). [513] Popular snacks include banana chips, yam crisps, tapioca chips, Achappam, Unni appam and kuzhalappam. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. [529] Unlike in many other states, the urban-rural divide is not visible in Kerala with respect to mobile phone penetration. [264] Related animal husbandry is touted by proponents as a means of alleviating rural poverty and unemployment among women, the marginalised, and the landless. Elephants have been an integral part of the culture of the state. [447][448], The culture of Kerala is composite and cosmopolitan in nature and it is an integral part of Indian culture. Follow Following Unfollow. Required fields are marked *. km (15,005 square mile) Number of districts : 14 Population : 31,841,374 Economy : Agricultural Literacy : 90.9 3. The Packages are designed with the idea of providing the best of experiences in the time and budget decided by you. Kerala is a beautiful place with beautiful people. "Fort Cochin in Kerala 1750–1830 The Social Condition of a Dutch Community in an Indian Milieu." The total growth of the farm sector has recorded a 4.39% increase in 2012–13, over a paltry 1.3% growth in the previous fiscal year. It campaigns for increased awareness of LGBT people and sensitisation concerning healthcare services, workplace policies and educational curriculum. [510] A majority of the breakfast foods in Kerala are made out of rice, in one form or the other (idli, dosa, puttu, pathiri, appam, or idiyappam), tapioca preparations, or pulse-based vada. [251][252] Profitability of crops fell due to a shortage of farm labour, the high price of land, and the uneconomic size of operational holdings. Kerala is also mentioned in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the two Hindu epics. [348] In 2001, Muslims had the TFR of 2.6 as against 1.5 for Hindus and 1.7 for Christians. Top 20 Unique Experiences Defining Ahmedabad! He was forced to shift his capital (c. CE 1405) further south. Among the popular tourist attractions of Kerala are the beaches along its coastline. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.[15]. According to legend, this new area of land extended from Gokarna to Kanyakumari. ]:1, the Economic times reported that 250,000 residents undergo treatment for cancer metres 148... 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