See more. English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. Maranhão is a hidden Brazilian gem, from the crumbling buildings of its capital, São Luís - a World Heritage Site, to the mesmerizing and unique landscapes of the Lençóis Maranhenses. Guide to State of Maranhao family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records. Also of interest is the state capital of São Luís, designated a Unesco World Heritage Site. Maranhão is described in books such as The Land of the Palm Trees by Gonçalves Dias and Casa de Pensão by Aluísio Azevedo. São Luís, Maranhão Renato Moreira Airport is a national airport located in Imperatriz. By the early 20th century São Luís had about 30,000 inhabitants, and contained several convents, charitable institutes, the episcopal palace, a fine Carmelite church, and an ecclesiastical seminary. Joaquim Sousândrade, 1890-1891; Alexandre Collares Jr , 1891-1892, 1897-1901, 1906-1909 [citation needed] The coast of Maranhão was first discovered by Pinzon in 1500, but it was included in the Portuguese grant of captaincies in 1534. Maranhão (Portuguese pronunciation: [maɾɐˈɲɐ̃w, maɾɐj̃ɐ̃w]) is a state in Brazil.Located in the country's Northeast Region, it has a population of about 7 million and an area of 332,000 km 2 (128,000 sq mi). Maranhão was settled mainly by Jesuit missionaries, who introduced Roman Catholicism to the Tupinambás, along with the pattern of agriculture and cattle … Maranhão exports: aluminium 50%, iron 23.7%, soybean 13.1% (2002). ‘De Caboclos a Bem-te-vis. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, Marechal Cunha Machado International Airport, "IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística", "Radar IDHM: evolução do IDHM e de seus índices componentes no período de 2012 a 2017", "Genetic characterization of the population of São Luís, MA, Brazil", "Estimativas da população residente nos municípios brasileiros com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2011", «Análise dos Resultados/IBGE Censo Demográfico 2010: Características gerais da população, religião e pessoas com deficiência», "Maranhão conquista o maior índice vacinal contra febre aftosa do...", "Portos e Navios - Itaqui movimenta 16,3 milhões de toneladas de janeiro a outubro", https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maranh%C3%A3o_(Avis), Relação Sumária das Cousas do Maranhão, by Simão Estácio da Silveira, History of the Commerce of Maranhão (1612 - 1895), by Jerônimo de Viveiros, Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, 1909, Tomo LXXII - Parte I, Chronicle of the Jesuits in Maranhão, by João Felipe Bettendorf, Historical geographical dictionary of Maranhão, by César Marques, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maranhão&oldid=993813546, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing translation from Portuguese Wikipedia, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is in the northeastern region of the country. Urbanization: 68.1% (2004); Population growth: 1.5% (1991–2000); Houses: 1,442,500 (2005). In 1751 the State of Maranhão and Grão-Pará had its name changed to Grão-Pará and Maranhão and its capital was moved from São Luís to Belém. Logo antigo TV Difusora.jpg 1,440 × 900; 56 KB. Ristoranti vicino a Archeology and Natural History Research Center of Maranhao su Tripadvisor: vedi 11.302 recensioni e 7.278 foto autentiche di ristoranti vicino a Archeology and Natural History Research Center of Maranhao a Sao Luis, Stato di Maranhao. The Alumar Consortium Port transported 13.720 million tons between January and November 2017, mainly alumina.[18]. Originally, the town was a large village of the Tupinambá tribe. This is the transfer history of Vereinslos player Maranhão. The Reggae Maranhão Museum is the first reggae-themed museum outside of Jamaica and the second in the world, in the Historic Center of São Luís in Brazil.. History. Major cities in the state besides the state capital São Luís are Imperatriz, Timon, and Caxias. The first known European to explore Maranhão was the Spanish explorer Vicente Yáñez Pinzón in 1500[citation needed], but it was granted to João de Barros in 1534 as a Portuguese hereditary captaincy. The most important of them, from an economic point of view, is the babassu. Maranhão: história, comércio Publisher Associação Comercial do Maranhão - São Luís Collection memoriaestatisticadobrasil; brasiliana Digitizing sponsor Memória Estatística do Brasil Contributor Biblioteca do Ministério da Fazenda no Rio de Janeiro Language Portuguese Volume Vol I; 1612 - 1895 The Maranhão agricultural sector stands out in the production of rice (fifth-largest rice production in the country, and highest in the Northeast), cassava (second-largest planted area in the Northeast), soybean, cotton (in both cases second-largest producer in the Northeast), sugarcane, corn and eucalyptus. Maranhão is also known as the land of the palm trees, as the various species of this tree provide its major source of income. Immagine di Archeology and Natural History Research Center of Maranhao, Sao Luis: Maquete do Futuro novo museu de Arqueologia do Maranhão - Guarda i 7.295 video e foto amatoriali dei membri di Tripadvisor su Archeology and Natural History Research Center of Maranhao. Maranhão, 25, from Brazil FK Dinamo Tirana, since 2020 Attacking Midfield Market value: - * Jan 22, 1995 in , Brazil The heat, however, is greatly modified on the coast by the south-east trade winds. [14], Maranhão has the second largest cattle herd in the Northeast and the 12th largest in the country, with 7.6 million animals. This statistic shows which shirt numbers the palyer has already worn in his career. Current local time in Brazil – Maranhão – Timon. [7], According to a DNA study from 2005, the average ancestral composition of São Luís, the biggest city in Maranhão, is 42% European, 39% native American and 19% African. The state was created on 13 June 1621 by Philip II of Portugal.[1]. In the late 18th century, there was a great influx of enslaved peoples into the region, which corresponded to the increased cultivation of cotton. The north-central and northeastern portion of the state, extending eastward into northern Piauí, is home to the Maranhão Babaçu forests, a degraded tropical moist forest ecoregion dominated by the Babaçu palm. History of Maranhão‎ ... Media in category "Maranhão" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. Infraero has administered the airport since November 3, 1980, one year before it was officially opened. In 1612, a French colony was also established on São Luís Island. Ceará was later detached and became a satellite of Pernambuco, in the State of Brazil. Much of the forest has been cleared for cattle grazing and agriculture, and the Babaçu palm produces edible oil which is extracted commercially. Formação do campesinato numa sociedade escravista, Maranhão 1800-1850’. This is the shirt number history of Maranhão from Vereinslos. Get Baixinha dos Flores's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Nome Francinilson Cognome Santos Meireles Nazionalità Brasile Data di nascita 3 maggio 1990 Età 30 Paese di nascita Brasile Luogo di nascita São Luís Posizione The northern portion of the state is a heavily forested plain traversed by numerous rivers, occupied by the eastern extension of the tropical moist forests of Amazonia. km). The western coastline has many small indentations, which are usually masked by islands or shoals. Maranhão shares borders with Piauí, Tocantins and Pará. The State of Maranhão (Portuguese: Estado do Maranhão) was the northernmost of two 17–18th century administrative divisions of the colonial Portuguese Empire in South America. For other uses, see, : founded on Wood's ed. Capital: São Luiz. Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. (324,560 sq. Processos Minerários no Cráton São Luís, Maranhã e Pará, Brasil (em outubro de 2020).png 3,155 × 1,845; 471 KB. In 1621 Ceará, Maranhão and Pará were united and called the "Estado do Maranhao", which was separated from the southern captaincies. The first European settlement, however, was made by a French trading expedition under Jacques Riffault, of Dieppe,[3] in 1594, who lost two of his three vessels in the vicinity of São Luís Island, and left a part of his men on that island when he returned home. Viaggi: Sao Luis; Hotel: Sao Luis; Bed & Breakfast: Sao Luis; Case vacanza: Sao Luis; Pacchetti vacanza: Sao Luis; Voli: Sao Luis; Forum Viaggi: Sao Luis Maranhão (Portuguese pronunciation: [maɾɐˈɲɐ̃w, maɾɐj̃ɐ̃w]) is a state in Brazil. The state has 3.4% of the Brazilian population and produces only 1.3% of the Brazilian GDP. [15], The state also produces natural gas in the Parnaíba basin, with a production of 8.4 million m3 per day, used in thermal power stations. Source for information on Maranhão: Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture dictionary. The Tocantins-Araguaia-Maranhão moist forests occupy the northwestern portion of the state, extending from the Pindaré River west into neighboring Pará state. It is the second deepest port in the world. The Gurupi River forms the northwestern boundary of the state, separating Maranhão from neighboring Pará, and the Tocantins River forms part the state's southwestern boundary with Tocantins state. Adapted & Revised by: Fabiana Rasta. The colored strips (red, white and black) symbolize the different ethnic groups which make up the population, and their mixing and living together. [16], Itaqui Port annually moves millions of tons of cargo, being an important logistics corridor for the Center-West of the country. [8], According to the 2010 Brazilian Census, most of the population (74.5%) is Roman Catholic, other religious groups include Protestants or evangelicals (17.2%), Spiritists (0.2%), Nones 6.3%, and people with other religions (1.8).[10][11]. The State of Maranhão was extinguished in 1652 and in 1654 reconstituted as Maranhão and Grão-Pará. The passenger terminal was modified and expanded in 1998, giving it new arrival and departure areas, an expanded main concourse, and air conditioning of the entire terminal. Maranhão is the fourth-largest economy in the Northeast region and the 17th-largest in Brazil. Maranhão is one of the poorest states of Brazil. Posted on October 31, 2016 November 7, 2016 by Irie. Maranhão (Portuguese pronunciation: [maɾɐˈɲɐ̃w, maɾɐj̃ɐ̃w]) is a state in Brazil. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Relação Sumária das Cousas do Maranhão, by Simão Estácio da Silveira, a contemporary account of the early Portuguese colonization of Maranhão, published in Lisbon in 1624 by a leading coloniser, History of the Commerce of Maranhão (1612 - 1895), by Jerônimo de Viveiros, Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, 1909, Tomo LXXII - Parte I, Chronicle of the Jesuits in Maranhão, by João Felipe Bettendorf, Historical geographical dictionary of Maranhão, by César Marques, Portuguese colonialism in the East Indies, Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=State_of_Maranhão_(colonial)&oldid=933309322, 1621 establishments in the Portuguese Empire, Articles needing additional references from October 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Brazil articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2019, at 04:34. The historic city center was declared a World Heritage Site in 1997.São Luís, Maranhão. This article incorporates text from the Catholic Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain. The flag of Maranhão was designed by the poet Joaquim de Souza Andrade, and was adopted by decree nr. Get Timon's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. ENGLISH: Maranhão is a visual recollection of a 2006 trip to the state of Maranhão, in the northeast of Brazil. Explore Baixinha dos Flores's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. The rivers of the state all flow northward to the Atlantic and a majority of them have navigable channels. The Parnaíba River forms the eastern boundary of Maranhão, but it has one large tributary, the Balsas, entirely within the state. The largest of these are the Baía de Turiassu, facing which is São João Island, and the contiguous bays of São Marcos and São José, between which is the large island of São Luís. It began handling international flights in October 2004. Going clockwise from the north, it borders on the Atlantic Ocean and the states of Piauí, Tocantins and Pará. It has a covered area of 8,100 square metres (87,000 sq ft) and a capacity of one million passengers per year. For this achievement Lord Cochrane became 1st Marques of Maranhão and Governor of Maranhão Province. This article is about the state in Brazil. This was a short-lived victory as the Portuguese ousted the French in 1615 and … Nome Marcos André Cognome de Sousa Mendonça Nazionalità Brasile Data di nascita 20 ottobre 1996 Età 24 Paese di nascita Brasile Luogo di nascita Coroatá The white star in the upper left corner symbolizes Maranhão itself, and is supposed to be Beta Scorpii, as the constellation Scorpius is also depicted on the national flag of Brazil. The flag has a ratio of 2:3. Located in the country's Northeast Region, it has a population of about 7 million and an area of 332,000 km2 (128,000 sq mi). Subsequently, Daniel de La Touche, Seigneur de La Rividière was sent to report on the place, and was then commissioned by the French crown to found a colony on the island (Equinoctial France); this was done in 1612. This indented shoreline is home to the Maranhão mangroves, the tallest mangrove forests in the world. According to the IBGE, there were 6,400,000 people residing in the state in 2008. History. Roots | São Luís, Maranhão – A History of Reggae. Like the Amazon, the Mearim has a pororoca or tidal bore in its lower channel, which greatly interferes with navigation. [6], The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 4,271,000 Brown (Multiracial) people (66.74%), 1,636,000 White people (25.57%), 410,000 Black people (6.41%), 43,000 Asian people (0.67%), 39,000 Amerindian people (0.60%). Agriculture benefits from the infrastructure of railroads (Ferrovia Carajás and Ferrovia Norte-Sul) and ports (Itaqui and Ponta da Madeira) and the proximity to the European and American markets. It was 60 years later, in 1594, that the French established the first settlement in what is today known as Maranhão. The southern portion of the state belong to the lower terraces of the great Brazilian Highlands, occupied by the Cerrado savannas. The following captaincies formed the State of Maranhão. Several plateau escarpments, including the Chapada das Mangabeiras, Serra do Tiracambu, and Serra das Alpercatas, mark the state's northern margin and the outlines of river valleys. Tiago J. has 8 jobs listed on their profile. Among the main products handled in 2017 are soybeans (6,152,909 tons), corn (1,642,944 tons), fertilizers (1,536,697 tons), copper (836,062 tons), coal (636,254 tons), pig iron (505,733 t) clinker + slag (225,796 t), manganese (147,063 t), rice (89,833 t), imported liquid bulk (3,881,635 t), caustic soda (86,542 t), ethanol and LPG (150,753 t), totaling an annual turnover of 17,140,470 tons. After the 1670s Belem became the operational base of the Maranhão governors and it was formally designated the state capital in 1737. Educational institutions in Maranhão include: Marechal Cunha Machado International Airport is located 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from the center of São Luís. 125,312 sq. 31 Oct. Lençóis are an important area of environmental preservation the largest component of GDP ( 2015 ). 18! Zone and DST the service sector is the official high school curriculum a state Brazil. 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