According to the Bible, the Israelites captured and destroyed Lachish for joining the league against the Gibeonites (Joshua 10:31-33). Tel Lachish (Tell ed-Duweir) is located about 40 km southwest of Jerusalem and was once a thriving Bronze (c. 4000-1200 BC) and Iron Age (c. 1200-586 BC) town in Canaan. Tel Lachish (Hebrew: תל לכיש ‎; Ancient Greek: Λαχίς; Latin: Tel Lachis), known in Arabic as Tell ed-Duweir (تل الدوير), [dubious – discuss] is the site of an ancient Near Eastern city, now an archaeological site and an Israeli national park. The unique importance of Lachish, the extensive archaeological excavations conducted there and the finds uncovered have made Tel Lachish a key site for the study of the history of the Land strongpoint in Canaan. It guarded the south western portion of the Judah. la'-kish (lakhish; Septuagint Lachis (Joshua 15:39), Maches):1. These ancient Hebrew writings from the time of Jeremiah and Lehi reveal point after point about that time that is consistent with Nephi's writings. LACHISH [SMITH] (invincible), a city lying south of Jerusalem, on the borders of Simeon, and belonging to the Amorites, the king of which joined with four others, at the invitation of Adonizedek king of Jerusalem, to chastise the Gibeonites for their league with Israel. It has usually been identified in modern times with the archaeological site called tell ed-Duweir. The massive double gate included both an outer gate structure and an inner gate. The sequence of reliefs creates a story. Lachish (lā`kĭsh), city, S ancient Palestine, SW of Jerusalem, in present-day Israel.It is mentioned in the Tell el Amarna Tell el Amarna or Tel el Amarna, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. importance only to Jerusalem. Ancient Origins articles related to Lachish in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. It later served as an important… The Lachish Letters. Lachish Ostracon #2: YHWH. I t stood proud as a city second only in importance to Jerusalem for the Kingdom of Judah. Three more pieces were found in 1938. The fortifications of Lachish were examined in Areas CC and BC on the northern slope of the sit e. The city of Lachish was the second most important stronghold for the Canaanites in the southern kingdom of Judah during the late Bronze Age. LACHISH. I identify and discuss social and historical features found in the twelve letters from among the ostraca or inscriptional artefacts unearthed at Lachish from 1938 to the early 1990s. (Page of tag Lachish) Lachish Our expedition to Lachish (2013–2017) was a five-year project aimed at examining Levels V and IV, proposed as an early occupation of the site by the kingdom of Judah by Garfinkel, Hasel, and Klingbeil (Garfinkel et al.2013). Lachish (invincible), a city lying south of Jerusalem, on the borders of Simeon, and belonging to the Amorites, the king of which joined with four others, at the invitation of Adonizedek king of Jerusalem, to chastise the Gibeonites for their league with Israel. In 1935, some of the most important documents ever found relevant to Old Testament history were discovered. 2 Kings 18:13-17a In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah’s reign, King Sennacherib of Assyria marched up against all the fortified cities of Judah and captured them. Location: A town in the foothills of the Shephelah on the border of the Philistine plain, belonging to Judah, and, from the mention of Eglon in connection with it, evidently in the southwestern portion of Judah's territory. Tell ed-Duweir) situated to the southeast of Bet Guvrin.The mound was excavated from 1932 to 1938 under the direction of James L. Starkey (with the results published by Olga Tufnell), with the discovery of remains from many different periods, mainly from the Middle Bronze and Iron Ages. 2007). (Wikim edia Commons) A close look at the palace’s plan is important because each room of the palace is connected; central rooms give access to equally important smaller rooms. Lachish played a prominent role opposing the Israelite conquest. After the capture of the Holy City by Nebuchadnezzar, Lachish alone remained, with Azekah, of the defenced cities of Judah. לָכִישׁ) was a Canaanite and Israelite city, identified with a prominent mound (Ar. Another important, but often overlooked, problem when attempting to assess disease impacts in the wild is the issue of detectability or capture heterogeneity (Jennelle et al. contact with Lachish.The Amarna (q.v.) Of the cities in ancient Judah, Lachish was second in importance … By 701 BCE, Lachish was a … Sennacherib watches the fall of Lachish and a procession of Judean prisoners. Next to Jerusalem, Lachish was perhaps the most important city of Judah. Lachish was the most important of the cities enumerated. They are also star witnesses for the authenticity of the Book of Mormon. During Sennacherib’s campaign to Judah, the Assyrian army lay siege to Lachish and conquered the city in a fierce battle. Lachish (modern-day Tell ed-Duweir, Israel), lies about 800 kilometres south-west of the Assyrian heartland, but only 40 kilometres south-west of Jerusalem. The siege is documented in several sources including the Hebrew Bible, Assyrian documents and in the Lachish relief, a well-preserved series of reliefs which once decorated the Assyrian king Sennacherib's palace at Nineveh. Lachish (Heb. Bronze Ages (c. 4000-1200 BC): Early Bronze Age (c. 4000-2000 BC) pottery present on the site, settlement not yet found It was a well-fortified military city with double walls and provided protection to Israel’s southern region. Location: A town in the foothills of the Shephelah on the border of the Philistine plain, belonging to Judah, and, from the mention of Eglon in connection with it, evidently in the southwestern portion of Judah's territory. Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg), CC-BY-SA-4.0. Lachish is also mentioned in ancient Egyptian, Assyrian and Babylonian records. mentions Lachish five times in contexts which show that Lachish was an important Egyp. papyrus of the time of Thutmose III (c. 1490-1435 b.c.) - Once one of ancient Israel's largest cities, Tel Lachish covers an impressive eighteen acres. A. Thompson explains the importance of the letters: They represent correspondence between the military commander of Lachish, a certain Yoash, and outpost commanders, in the days when Nebuchadnezzar was closing in on Jerusalem. Non-Biblical historical references. Note: Lachish ostraca 2,6,7,8,18 from same pottery vessel , written by same scribe at the same time in 589 BC. The park was established on lands of … correspondence of c. 1400-1360 b.c. The Lachish relief depicts the Assyrian army laying siege in 701 BC to the town of Lachish, about 40 kilometres from Jerusalem. Lachish – The Assyrians and Babylonians The most interesting and compelling evidence from Lachish, however, comes from the 8th and 7th centuries BC when first the Assyrians attack, and then the Babylonians. la'-kish (lakhish; Septuagint Lachis (Joshua 15:39), Maches): 1. Lachish is regarded as the second most important city after Jerusalem in the southern kingdom of Judah, and it was strategically located on the Via Maris travel route. Some meager but important references come from Egypt and Assyria. refers to Ra- ki- ša and points to Egyp. Learn more! Moreover, the approach to the room was guarded by a series of three pairs of colossal human-headed winged bulls, one pair at each of the three doorways leading from the large courtyard. Lachish was one of the most important cities of the Biblical era in the Holy Land. This pre-exilic correspondence between two Judeans gives us insider In that later part of Judah's history, Lachish was sieged and destroyed on two occasions: in 701 B.C., by the Assyrians during the reign of Sennacherib, and in 588-87 B.C., by the Babylonians during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. Inscription on pottery shard: “To my lord Joash 1: May Yahweh give you good news at this very time. 18:14 King Hezekiah of Judah sent this message to the king of Assyria, who was at Lachish… LACHISH. J. And yet, unlike modern-day Jerusalem, Tel Lachish has been left untouched since the days of the Greco-Macedonian Empire, free of development, leaving behind a veritable archaeological gold mine for excavators.Archaeologists have taken their cue, with excavations beginning in the 1930s and … The Siege of Lachish is the name given to the Neo-Assyrian Empire's siege and conquest of the town of Lachish in 701 BC. Written in paleo-Hebrew script on pottery sherds, they are messages sent by the garrison commander of a small fortress to his commanding officer in Lachish. The excavations were conducted by D. Ussishkin of Tel Aviv University. The impressive mound, named Tel Lachish in Hebrew or Tell ed-Duweir in Arabic, is situated about 25 miles southwest of Jerusalem in the Judean hills. In the November/December 2013 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review, Yosef Garfinkel, Michael Hasel and Martin Klingbeil discuss the start of their excavation at Lachish, the second most important city in ancient Judah after Jerusalem. It was fortified by Rehoboam, and was sought as a refuge by Amaziah from the conspiracy formed against him in Jerusalem. Lachish seemed to be a popular attack point because of its strategic position as a protective city on the route to Jerusalem. Lachish (invincible), a city lying south of Jerusalem, on the borders of Simeon, and belonging to the Amorites, the king of which joined with four others, at the invitation of Adonizedek king of Jerusalem, to chastise the Gibeonites for their league with Israel. The same site has more recently come to be called tel Lachish. It was a critical point, linking Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean and the immense wealth of Egypt. An archaeological site in Israel. Lachish Ostracon #2: YHWH Note: Lachish ostraca 2,6,7,8,18 from same pottery vessel , written by same scribe at the same time in 589 BC. The territory was later assigned to the tribe of Judah (15:39) and became part of the Kingdom of Israel. The city was a fortification for Judah, and archaeologists have discovered the largest gate complex in Israel there. An Egyp. An important Old Testament city located in the Shephelah (“lowlands”) southwest of Jerusalem. Tel Lachish has a rich excavation history. 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