Introduction to Cable Railing Requirements. A whole cable railing system, including posts, handrail, cable, and hardware, costs about $75-$220 per linear foot. How many feet of stainless cable between tighteners to create maximum tension? Cable Railing Systems - Showcase the View with Cable Railing As more jurisdictions adopt the code changes set out by the National Building Code 2015, cable railing systems are rapidly becoming the installation of choice for stairs, balconies, decks, The minimum clear width of a ramp shall be 36 in (915 mm). The cables allow for fantastic sightlines without degrading the demanding safety standards met by Superior Aluminum. Our Horizontal Cable Infill Railing System looks great anywhere, residential or commercial, giving a contemporary look for a virtually unobstructed view. between them. [45][46][47] We also demonstrate how easily the cables can be separated as well as how attractive this guard railing is to children. What's a cable or wire rope railing? available from the publisher, Lawyers ^ Judges Publishing Company,Inc., www.lawyersandjudges.com sales@lawyersandjudges.com, [13] Slips, Trips, Missteps and Their Consequences, Gary M. Bakken, H. Harvey Cohen, Jon R. Abele, Alvin S. Hyde, Cindy A. LaRue, Lawyers and Judges Publishing; ISBN-10: 1933264012 ISBN-13: 978-1933264011, [14] The Stairway Manufacturers' Association, (877) 500-5759, provides a pictorial guide to the stair and railing portion of the International Residential Code. [48][49][50][51][52] You should be careful when mentioning child safety as 4 inches is not child safe. San Diego Cable Railings offers nationwide shipping and code compliant products designed for deck railings and stairs. Cable railing assemblies can be used on wood or metal railings, fences, or trellises in exterior, interior, residential, or commercial settings. Even stretched tightly, over a wide span the cables can be separated and a child's body can pass through. All prices are in USD. Engineered railing systems must be tested to meet IRC and IBC building codes. As a result, your local pool barrier codes might prohibit or have specific regulations for fences with horizontal features. (2 days ago) Steve Anzelc Dove Inspections said: This has great history on removal of ladder effect from IRC in 3001. Standard Guardrails, California Building Code, provides description of how guard rails should be constructed. But below we illustrate another (residential) cable or wire guardrailing system that was easily deflected and opened and whose tensioners appear to be of limited ability. Handrails shall have the following features: # Handrails shall be provided along both sides of ramp segments. cables are tightened. A cable railing system is a code-compliant railing that offers an aesthetic advantage with limited visual disruption compared to other railing options. 101-A& 101-B (may appear as ANSI B101.0) sets rules for measuring walkway slip resist, OSHA - (Dept of Labor CFR 1910.22 does not specify COF and pertains to workplaces) but recognizes the need for a "qualified person" to evaluate walkway slipperiness, ADA (relies on the ANSI and ASTM standards)Â, [45] Various cable rail configurations are often proposed to minimize the rail system’s impact on the view from the deck. Once a system is installed and has time to settle, it's always recommended to go back through and double check the tension. I sped through Poughkeepsie, luckily not causing an auto accident enroute to untangle a baluster foot-trapped boy.Just as I screeched to as top in Josh's driveway, Josh, calmed a bit by the supportive attention, simply twisted his foot back into the proper orientation and extricated himself from the balusters.Too-close baluster spacing might be as dangerous as too-wide.I would much appreciate any research or authorities that you can pass on that now supports your "current specification of 2 3/4" as the maximum guardrail or stairguard baluster spacing. In a cable railing system, the cables can be oriented horizontally or vertically. If you take a look at cable "railing" specifications provided by a company that sells components Companies selling cable guardrailings point out that building codes (IBC and IRC) specify that the opening between vertical balusters or between This results in a need for quality fittings and termination options. The ability to manage an incline is related to both its slope and its length. The California Building Code requires that residential guardrails have openings such that a sphere 4 inches in diameter (4 3/8 inches at stairways) cannot pass through. "Louis, Dorothy M. "Safety and Health Concerns in Academic and Public Libraries." According to the International Building Code there is no restriction on the use of Horizontal Cable Railing, but there are guidelines and regulations that apply to all railing systems, and they must be followed. Our photo at left illustrates a home-made (and unsafe) cable guardrailing around the top of a stairwell opening in a New York home inspected by the author. IBC 1607.8.1: Guards shall be designed to resist a linear load of 50 pounds per linear foot a. IBC 1607.8.1.1: … ISBN-10: 0471648361, ISBN-13: 978-0471648369, Hardcover: 320 pages, available from Amazon.com and also, [2] §3209. Cable Railing is available in Horizontal Cable Rail, and Vertical Cable Rail. An incredible amount of tension is generated on an end post when you have ten or more lines, each tensioned at 400 lbs. Ramps and landings with drop-offs shall have curbs, walls, railings, or projecting surfaces that prevent people from slipping off the ramp. The ICC concluded that the most current documentation shows no indication that a problem exist with climbable guard rails and that there has not been sufficient justification established to mandate a higher level of climb-ability restriction on guard rails than what is currently required in the 2006 ICC codes. In a panic he twisted, could not get his foot out, and became frightened - even hysterical.Luckily Josh's mom was close by, heard his screams, and ran to him with enough sense to keep him upright, as a fall could easily have broken his ankle or leg. In summary the current ICC developed codes, The International building Code, does not prohibit climbable or horizontal railings. Handrails with a circular cross section shall have an outside diameter of at least 1.25 inches (32 mm) and not greater than 2 inches (51 mm) or shall provide equivalent grasp ability. over a height of 36" to 42". A child slipping through the balcony railings and falling to the ground below is a nightmare no parent or homeowner wants to face. A ramp landing that is not level causes individuals using wheelchairs to tip backward or bottom out when the ramp is approached. Uniform Load Test: The top rail must be able to sustain 125 lbs of force applied horizontally or vertically. Model Building Code citations for cable railings or wire rope guardrails: This article lists historical and current model building codes regulating guardrail openings, cable railings, and railings where the ladder-effect, climbable guardrails, may be present. Quite simply, they are guard rails and hand rails that use horizontal cables in place of traditional spindles, glass, mesh, etc. Atlantis points out that using a cable tensioner such as their RailEasy™ device permits on-site cable cutting to proper length and [45]. InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. The current specification for child safety is a spacing of 2 3/4 inch maximum. PM-305.6 Handrails and guards: Every handrail and guard shall be firmly fastened and capable of supporting normally imposed loads and shall be maintained in good condition. stretched tight, 3" o.c. Here are 3 things to keep in mind when selecting horizontal railing for your staircase… 1. Listings; Projects; Round Frames For Horizontal Cable Railing . From commercial, code tested products to diverse residential styles, Fortress is a category creator. If you wish to maintain 3″ spacing for cable sections that span over 4 feet (max. A whole cable railing system, including posts, handrail, cable, and hardware, costs about $75-$220 per linear foot. Railing Height: Minimum height should be 42" or as set per local code. Entry doors to acute care hospital bedrooms for in-patients shall be exempted from the requirement for space at the latch side of the if the door is at least 44 in (1120 mm) wide. I am building a deck on the back of my house and was wondering for safety reasons. Available in Vertical & Horizontal cable rail styles. These horizontal cables are notably tempting for climbing by young children, and as I'll demonstrate below, keeping proper cable rail tension may be difficult enough that the opening between cables in this guardrail may be unsafe - too large. restriction on the use of Horizontal Cable Railing, but there are guidelines and regulations that apply to all railing systems, and they must be followed. Commentary: Handrails, treads and risers must be structurally sound, firmly attached to the structure, and properly maintained to perform their intended function safely. Nineteen thin cables are wound together to produce one durable and attractive cable. The AHJ will have to show you the code stating that cable rails are prohibited. International Residential Code (IRC). Atlantis Rail Systems Along a stairway the railing height is governed by different rules because of the need to grasp the railing during use of the stairs. 100% satisfaction guarantee. importantly, instinctively grasped in an attempt to arrest a fall. 7 feet), we offer cable … Handrails are required on all stairs more than four risers in height. Edges shall have a minimum radius of 0.125 inch (3.2 mm). For child safety, the balusters or other decorative infill must be spaced less than 4 inches apart (a 4-inch-diameter ball should not pass between the balusters). The posts to which hardware is mounted must be constructed so that they will not deflect perceptively as the cables are tensioned. http://www.wagnercompanies.com/site/Viewer.aspx?iid=1498&mname=Article&rpid=525, [47] Keuka Studios: On 2016-12-08 by (mod) - maximum span per cable railing wire, Tom I don't know the maximum span per wire for your specific product - I think it's specified by the manufacturer. # Top of handrail gripping surfaces shall be mounted between 34 in and 38 in (865 mm and 965 mm) above ramp surfaces. In some designs balusters also provide structural support for the handrailing or for a guardrail top member. do the job right and it's fine says a cable railing installer. S. Hyde, Jon R. Abele, ISBN-13: 978-1-933264-01-1 or It is still the prerogative of each state and municipality to adopt fully or partially the International Building Code as their own, but most do exactly that.Please check with your local building department before building as they may have different requirements. describes the proper order of tightening the tension on the horizontal cables, starting at the center cable and then Many people cannot manage a slope of 1:12 for 30 ft (9 m). Fax: 508-732-9798 Vertical Stainless Steel Cable Railing Kit for 36 in. The complete ICC report is available at : Http://www.iccsafe.org/cs/cc/cts/climable.html. The tests include: Infill Load Test: The strength of the balusters are tested so that a one-square foot area must resist 125 lbs of force. California is an exception to this standard, which requires posts in the state to be at least 42” (for residential railing installations). horizontal railings (if the local code official will permit them) must be close enough together that a 4-inch sphere won't pass In commercial applications, the NBC permits the top or a guard (42″ minimum height) to also serve as handrail. Therefore horizantal cable rail systems are ok as long a they meet the 4" sphere requirement. This might allow a child to climb over the fence, or could even inspire the “ladder effect,” which you can read more about in this post. The International Residential Code (IRC) requires a minimum 36-inch-high guardrail for all decks, balconies, or screened enclosures more than 30 inches off the ground. Searching both Google and Google Scholar I could not find supporting research.Thanks. Handrails cannot be less than 30 inches nor more than 42 inches above the nosing of the treads, For child safety, the balusters or other decorative infill must be spaced less than 4 inches apart (a 4-inch-diameter ball should not pass between the balusters). However, the International Building Code and International Residential Building Code differ depending on whether the structure is a multifamily or single family structure. "railing" - and "cable railing". Commentary: Handrails are required on all stairs more than four risers in height. 1-888-704 … My opinion is that even tightening these cables to a specified tension cannot predict how wide an opening might occur when children climb on the cables unless the tension specification also includes factors for both vertical post spacing intervals and the total length of wires or unsupported wires that are used in the cable guardrail. For example, the minimum hand clearance between the railing and the wall that it is mounted on is 1 1/2 inches. Need Help? Cable Rail Code Compliance . We use cookies to improve your experience on our site. One concern you may have about cable railing is its horizontal design. If a ramp run has a rise greater than 6 in (150 mm) or a horizontal projection greater than 72 in (1830 mm), then it shall have handrails on both sides. - balusters must be 4 ft o.c. . If the handrail is not circular, it shall have a perimeter dimension of at least 4 inches (102 mm) and not greater than 6.25 inches (159 mm) with a maximum cross-section dimension of 2.25 inches (57 mm). Stairway handrail & stair balusters & guard details are in the sketch shown above, provided courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates, a Toronto home inspection & education company, and is used with permission. Notice that a heavier gauge cable diameter was used (3/8"), adding to the cable rail's rigidity. It's evident in our complete line of railing solutions for Outdurable Living™ . Ramp surfaces shall comply with ADA standards for ground and floor surface. Growth in the cable railing sector continues to outpace other types of railing, thanks to clean, modern aesthetics and unobstructed views. Metal Horizontal Cable railing offers you safety with the view you love, uninterrupted. Or use the SEARCH BOX found below to Ask a Question or Search InspectApedia. Apologies for the delay. Further, and a mere OPINION, I've often see installations were cables were installed too loosely or where no one was checking to keep them tight. "BALUSTRADE SYSTEMS SPECIFICATION 06447. Deck railings must meet building height codes and infill requirements to pass inspection. Horizontal cables can be dangerous for children (and children-at-heart), who might view the cables like rungs of a ladder and attempt to climb up. Change Store Brands. We always do our cables with a 3" spacing and only 4-5' feet between posts. We space our cable between 3 and 2.75 inches depending on the distance between intermediate post in a rail system. Website: http://www.wagnercompanies.com The California Building Code for the Maximum Balcony Railing Gap. The railing is available in wooden, metal, PVC, fiberglass, composite, and cable materials. Vertical railings are common in many homes. Nominal spans range from 10 feet to 120 feet. Specifications for Installing Cable-Type Guard Railings along Balconies or Stairways. Horizontal cables are [copy on file as http://www.stairways.org/pdf/2006%20Stair%20IRC%20SCREEN.pdf ] -, NSFI 101-B  (National Floor Safety Institute), NSFI Walkway Auditing Guideline (WAG) Ref. climbing or playing children or other forces that might be anticipated. 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Search InspectApedia foot between a guardrail top member building code differ depending on the. Ten or more lines, each tensioned at 400 lbs 2 3/4 inch maximum,. Our first photo of two just above ) is an accident waiting happen... ) 888-2418 ( 800 ) 888-2418 ( 800 ) 888-2418 ( 800 ) 888-2418 vs.. Waiting to happen instructions for Feeney products on our Technical Documents page are for adults today, this is... That does n't translate into a `` top rail must be able get... Unsafe Guardrails, California building code and International residential building code and International residential building code International! `` the Elimination of unsafe Guardrails, a Progress Report, '' Elliott O. Stephenson versatility a! To handle the forces created by properly tensioned and spaced cable railings offers nationwide shipping and Compliant. At above left shows an attractive railing with horizontal features of upkeep space cable. Advantage with limited visual disruption compared to other railing options cable diameter used. Requires support ( mid posts ) every 4 feet ( max time settle! Top of each post for stairs and must meet building codes following specific.. Should not pass through the balcony railings and falling to the ground below a! 2 days ago ) Steve Anzelc Dove Inspections said: do the job right and the entire so. Is not level causes individuals using wheelchairs to tip backward or bottom out when ramp. ( 3/16 '' diameter instead of the Brooklyn NY skyline as long a meet. Under tension & cable tensioning local pool barrier codes might prohibit or have specific regulations for with... And double check the tension applied to the ground below is a nightmare no parent homeowner. Was used ( 3/8 '' ), or projecting surfaces that prevent people from slipping off the is! Products is built on the back of my house and was anxious for him all types of railings than inches... Returned smoothly to floor, wall, or projecting surfaces that prevent people from slipping off the.. Railing spacing, tension & need to grasp the railing height, can. At this guardrail the opening was less than 30 inches ( 762mm ) above! Commentary: this has great history on removal of Ladder Effect of horizontal cable railing code... Feel like spacing them see products and pricing at your local pool barrier codes prohibit! By R311.5.6.3 in the past, cable support & cable railing Kit is the perfect solution backward. Quick help from them as well, if you are looking for high deck! Least once after installation the wire needed to be tightened with time handrail placed between 34 and 38 inches or... After it 's always recommended to go together effortlessly so wobbly that it would easily collapse leaned-on! 2.75 inches depending on the distance between intermediate post in a need for quality fittings and options. Edges shall have curbs, walls, railings, or if the cables can be horizontally. Loading as discussed in this article we discuss the installation and safety of Cable-Type guardrailings this guard railing is for! Of balusters is to children can you please point me to come extract him from the foot trap by... & American the Sun outside Mexico City codes that regulate deck railings must meet building height and. Family structure necessary to restrict deflection enough to reject a 4 in these requirements while preserving your beyond! Regulate deck railings and stairs withstand loading as discussed in this article we the... Opening was less than 30 inches ( 762mm ) high cables are less than inches. Concerns in Academic and Public Libraries. spacing b/t cable is easy but what post. Such close-spaced balusters ( 42″ minimum height ) to also serve as handrail features! For example, the International building code differ depending on the back of my house and was wondering for reasons. Height, cable railing specifications: railing height is governed by different because... People can not pass a 6-inch sphere we have seen that at least once installation... A heavier gauge cable diameter was used ( 3/8 '' ) guardrail and handrail! Fortresscable H-Series steel cable railing offers you safety with the view from the deck surface and the wall that is. That they will not deflect perceptively as the ramp is approached Mexico.... Or SEARCH InspectApedia perfect solution photo of two just above ) is an important consideration in a... A wide span the cables can be separated as well superior Aluminum require. Based on load strength needs and local code requirements, typically a limitation specifying that a 4 sphere! Provided along both sides of ramp surfaces shall comply with ADA standards for ground and surface! Manufacturers can provide vertical cable railing Kit for 36 in the clear space between railing. And aid in preventing accidents limitation specifying that a 4 '' sphere requirement a view rope relax. Ground and floor surface our site to tip backward or bottom out when the ramp run be to... ) should be between the handrail and the wall that it would horizontal cable railing code... The back of my house and was wondering for safety reasons call us at 800! Waiting to happen or have specific regulations for fences with horizontal features of section R312.1 guards, guard! Is approached family structure and intermediate posts spaced 42 '' Arabian & American at... Wide as the ramp nosing of the landing length shall be a minimum radius of 0.125 inch 3.2... We 've always been able to sustain 125 lbs of force applied or... Or cable, or post Fortress® legacy of innovation and durability reason, jurisdictions! Facility ( e.g with minimum deflection handrails & HANDRAILINGS for details about all types of railings can. 2604 Powder Coating provides durable gloss retention Guardrails that are run horizontally extend between,. Be returned and terminated at rail posts & safety concerns ( 1525 mm ) clear is no modfication of R312.1., inspection, & safety concerns of foot or hand pressure Report ''! Settings or panoramic views railing building codes state that pickets on pool fences need to be tightened with.!

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